The goal of the PHPP Core is to maximize the impact of HIV Center efficacious interventions by supporting research on the translation, adaptation, and adoption of scientifically tested prevention and treatment interventions into community-based delivery systems and other public health settings by partnering with policy makers, service system organizers, and ethicists. Since the beginning of the HIV epidemic, scientists have developed evidence-based interventions for HIV prevention, earlier identification of HIV cases, timely engagement and retention in care, and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART), Typically, advances emerge from randomized controlled trials, however, widespread adoption and demonstrable population-based health improvement has proved challenging. Interventions developed in academic isolation often fail to address real-world constraints - insufficient resources and workforce capacity;fragmented funding and policies;and tensions among recipients, providers, policy makers, and researchers [1,2], In addition, ethical dilemmas and lagging policy hinder timely adoption of evidence-based interventions, and the changing epidemic poses new challenges to front-line clinicians that academic researchers are slow to address. In light of the expected rapid advances in biobehavioral prevention and treatment approaches likely to emerge as the epidemic over the next five years, the HIV Center has chosen to make translational research and implementation science a high priority.
We aim to optimize the scale-up of our evidence-based interventions into practice settings and the use of evidence to inform health care policy and service delivery organization [3-5]. The PHPP Core has evolved from two current HIV Center cores, the Global Community Core (GCC) and Ethics and Policy Core. This new Core will build capacity in translational research and implementation science, provide sophisticated ethics and human rights consultation, and unite end users, policy-makers, delivery-organization leadership, and researchers in an ongoing partnership to address implementation challenges. The PHPP Core will specifically aim to close the gaps among science, policy, and HIV prevention and care services.
|Klitzman, Robert; Mellins, Claude A; Philbin, Morgan M et al. (2016) Ethical and Psychosocial Considerations in Informing HIV-Exposed Uninfected Children That They Were Exposed to HIV and Antiretroviral Medications In Utero. Am J Public Health 106:1390-6|
|Lee, Matthew; Sandfort, Theo; Collier, Kate et al. (2016) Breakage is the norm: use of condoms and lubrication in anal sex among Black South African men who have sex with men. Cult Health Sex :1-14|
|Tanner, Amanda E; Philbin, Morgan M; DuVal, Anna et al. (2016) Transitioning HIV-Positive Adolescents to Adult Care: Lessons Learned From Twelve Adolescent Medicine Clinics. J Pediatr Nurs 31:537-43|
|van den Boom, Wijnand; Davidovich, Udi; Heuker, JosÃ© et al. (2016) Is Group Sex a Higher-Risk Setting for HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections Compared With Dyadic Sex Among Men Who Have Sex With Men? Sex Transm Dis 43:99-104|
|Spadafino, Joseph T; Martinez, Omar; Levine, Ethan C et al. (2016) Correlates of HIV and STI testing among Latino men who have sex with men in New York City. AIDS Care 28:695-8|
|Rael, Christine Tagliaferri; Hampanda, Karen (2016) Understanding internalized HIV/AIDS-related stigmas in the Dominican Republic: a short report. AIDS Care 28:319-24|
|Harrison, Abigail; Hoffman, Susie; Mantell, Joanne E et al. (2016) Gender-Focused HIV and Pregnancy Prevention for School-Going Adolescents: The Mpondombili Pilot Intervention in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. J HIV AIDS Soc Serv 15:29-47|
|Metsch, Lisa R; Feaster, Daniel J; Gooden, Lauren et al. (2016) Effect of Patient Navigation With or Without Financial Incentives on Viral Suppression Among Hospitalized Patients With HIV Infection and Substance Use: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA 316:156-70|
|Bai, Dan; Leu, Cheng-Shiun; Mantell, Joanne E et al. (2016) An Approach to Developing a Prediction Model of Fertility Intent Among HIV-Positive Women and Men in Cape Town, South Africa: A Case Study. AIDS Behav :|
|Elkington, Katherine S; Cruz, Jennifer E; Warne, Patricia et al. (2016) Marijuana Use and Psychiatric Disorders in Perinatally HIV-Exposed Youth: Does HIV Matter? J Pediatr Psychol 41:277-86|
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