This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. A previously unrecognized function of normal human hemoglobins occurring during protein assembly is described, i.e. self-regulation of subunit pairings and their durations arising from the variable strengths of their subunit interactions. Although many mutant human hemoglobins are known to have altered subunit interface strengths, those of the normal embryonic, fetal, and adult human hemoglobins have not been considered to differ significantly. However, in a comprehensive study of both types of subunit interfaces of seven of the eight normal oxy human hemoglobins, we found that the strengths, i.e., the free energies of the tetramer-dimer interfaces, contrary to previous reports, differ by 3 orders of magnitude and display an undulating profile similar to the transitions (""""""""switches"""""""") of various globin subunit types over time. The dimer interface strengths are also variable and correlate linearly with their developmental profile. Embryonic hemoglobins are the weakest;fetal hemoglobin is of intermediate strength, and adult hemoglobins are the strongest. The pattern also correlates generally with their different O(2) affinities and responses to allosteric regulatory molecules. Acetylation of fetal hemoglobin weakens its unusually strong subunit interactions and occurs progressively as its level of expression diminishes and adult hemoglobin A formation begins;a causal relationship is suggested. The relative contributions of globin gene order and competition among subunits due to differences in their interface strengths were found to be complementary and establish a connection among genetics, thermodynamics, and development. This work has been published: (Manning LR, Russell JE, Popowicz AM, Manning RS, Padovan JC, Manning JM. Energetic differences at the subunit interfaces of normal human hemoglobins correlate with their developmental profile. Biochemistry. 2009 Aug 18;48(32):7568-74.)

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR000862-38
Application #
8361566
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-Q (40))
Project Start
2011-03-01
Project End
2012-03-31
Budget Start
2011-03-01
Budget End
2012-03-31
Support Year
38
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$2,607
Indirect Cost
Name
Rockefeller University
Department
Miscellaneous
Type
Other Domestic Higher Education
DUNS #
071037113
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10065
Manning, Lois R; Popowicz, Anthony M; Padovan, Julio C et al. (2017) Gel filtration of dilute human embryonic hemoglobins reveals basis for their increased oxygen binding. Anal Biochem 519:38-41
Chait, Brian T; Cadene, Martine; Olinares, Paul Dominic et al. (2016) Revealing Higher Order Protein Structure Using Mass Spectrometry. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom 27:952-65
Boice, Michael; Salloum, Darin; Mourcin, Frederic et al. (2016) Loss of the HVEM Tumor Suppressor in Lymphoma and Restoration by Modified CAR-T Cells. Cell 167:405-418.e13
Krutchinsky, Andrew N; Padovan, Júlio C; Cohen, Herbert et al. (2015) Maximizing ion transmission from atmospheric pressure into the vacuum of mass spectrometers with a novel electrospray interface. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom 26:649-58
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Krutchinsky, Andrew N; Padovan, Júlio C; Cohen, Herbert et al. (2015) Optimizing electrospray interfaces using slowly diverging conical duct (ConDuct) electrodes. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom 26:659-67
Oricchio, Elisa; Papapetrou, Eirini P; Lafaille, Fabien et al. (2014) A cell engineering strategy to enhance the safety of stem cell therapies. Cell Rep 8:1677-1685
Zhong, Yu; Morris, Deanna H; Jin, Lin et al. (2014) Nrbf2 protein suppresses autophagy by modulating Atg14L protein-containing Beclin 1-Vps34 complex architecture and reducing intracellular phosphatidylinositol-3 phosphate levels. J Biol Chem 289:26021-37
Xue, John Z; Woo, Eileen M; Postow, Lisa et al. (2013) Chromatin-bound Xenopus Dppa2 shapes the nucleus by locally inhibiting microtubule assembly. Dev Cell 27:47-59
Indiani, Chiara; O'Donnell, Mike (2013) A proposal: Source of single strand DNA that elicits the SOS response. Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) 18:312-23

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