This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. Direct visualization of tissue physiology and anatomy provides important information to the physician for the diagnosis and management of disease. High spatial resolution noninvasive techniques for imaging in vivo tissue structure and blood flow dynamics are currently not available as a diagnostic tool in clinical medicine. Such techniques could have a significant impact for biomedical research and patient treatment. The objective of the proposed research is to develop a high speed noninvasive optical technique, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and optical Doppler tomography (ODT), for imaging in vivo tissue structure and blood flow with high spatial resolution (2-10 5m) in biological tissues. Preliminary results obtained in our laboratory have demonstrated the potential of this technology for a number of clinical applications where imaging tissue structure and monitoring hemodynamics are important. However, there are four limitations in our current OCT/ODT s yste m: speed, resolution, penetration depth and speckle noise. The proposed research is directed toward the development of a high speed, high resolution, phase resolved OCT/ODT system for imaging tissue structure and microcirculation that overcomes these limitations.
The specific aims of this proposal are to: (1) design and develop a high speed high resolution phase resolved OCT/ODT system for tomographic imaging of in vivo tissue structure and blood flow dynamics in highly scattering biological tissues;(2) develop signal processing and image reconstruction software and hardware for phase resolved OCT/ODT;(3) image blood flow in vitro using reconstituted canine blood and in vivo using the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) model to verify and optimize OCT/ODT system operation and spatial resolution;and (4) demonstrate in animal models and clinical studies how OCT/ODT can assist in diagnosis and treatment of skin tumors and port wine stain birthmarks where imaging tissue structur e and monitoring blood flow are important.
|Takesh, Thair; Sargsyan, Anik; Lee, Matthew et al. (2017) Evaluating the Whitening and Microstructural Effects of a Novel Whitening Strip on Porcelain and Composite Dental Materials. Dentistry (Sunnyvale) 7:|
|Jonscher, Karen R; Stewart, Michael S; Alfonso-Garcia, Alba et al. (2017) Early PQQ supplementation has persistent long-term protective effects on developmental programming of hepatic lipotoxicity and inflammation in obese mice. FASEB J 31:1434-1448|
|Takesh, Thair; Sargsyan, Anik; Anbarani, Afarin et al. (2017) Effects of a Novel Whitening Formulation on Dental Enamel. Dentistry (Sunnyvale) 7:|
|Alfonso-García, Alba; Paugh, Jerry; Farid, Marjan et al. (2017) A machine learning framework to analyze hyperspectral stimulated Raman scattering microscopy images of expressed human meibum. J Raman Spectrosc 48:803-812|
|Alfonso-García, Alba; Pfisterer, Simon G; Riezman, Howard et al. (2016) D38-cholesterol as a Raman active probe for imaging intracellular cholesterol storage. J Biomed Opt 21:61003|
|Malacrida, Leonel; Astrada, Soledad; Briva, Arturo et al. (2016) Spectral phasor analysis of LAURDAN fluorescence in live A549 lung cells to study the hydration and time evolution of intracellular lamellar body-like structures. Biochim Biophys Acta 1858:2625-2635|
|Choi, Bernard; Tan, Wenbin; Jia, Wangcun et al. (2016) The Role of Laser Speckle Imaging in Port-Wine Stain Research: Recent Advances and Opportunities. IEEE J Sel Top Quantum Electron 2016:|
|Wang, Mingqiu; Ravindranath, Shreyas R; Rahim, Maha K et al. (2016) Evolution of Multivalent Nanoparticle Adhesion via Specific Molecular Interactions. Langmuir 32:13124-13136|
|Alfonso-García, Alba; Smith, Tim D; Datta, Rupsa et al. (2016) Label-free identification of macrophage phenotype by fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy. J Biomed Opt 21:46005|
|Prince, Richard C; Frontiera, Renee R; Potma, Eric O (2016) Stimulated Raman Scattering: From Bulk to Nano. Chem Rev :|
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