This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. Corrinoid-dependent enzymes are widespread in nature and play key roles in human, animal and microbial metabolism. The clinical hallmarks of B12 deficiency are megaloblastic anemia (?pernicious anemia?), and neuropathies. Upon reaching cells, cobalamin derivatives are converted to MeCbl and AdoCbl by currently ill-defined mechanisms. Many studies have been carried out over the past several decades involving the extraction and identification of cobalamins from mammalian cells, tissue and blood, in addition to other biological samples such as foods and seaweed. Adenosylcobalamin, methylcobalamin and aquacobalamin are the major cobalamin metabolites isolated from biological samples but there are also reports of the isolation of nitrocobalamin and sulfitocobalamin from biological sources, along with other unknown complexes. We have synthesized a number of cobalamin derivatives to assist in the identification of unknown cobalamins isolated from biological samples, and we have determined the crystal structures of a number of these complexes, including N-acetylcysteinylcobalamin and nitrosocobalamin. The structures of two alkylcobalamins, ethylcobalamin and butylcobalamin have also been determined and recently reported. Further studies on other biologically-relevent cobalamin complexes are underway, including glutathionylcobalamin which has for many years evaded all attempts at structure determination.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR001209-32
Application #
8362078
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-P (40))
Project Start
2011-03-01
Project End
2012-02-29
Budget Start
2011-03-01
Budget End
2012-02-29
Support Year
32
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$559
Indirect Cost
Name
Stanford University
Department
Chemistry
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
009214214
City
Stanford
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94305
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