This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. We have several projects investigating the structure and function of key enzymes and other virulence factors involved with viral and bacterial pathogenesis. Our recent structure determination of Norwalk virus polymerase replication complexes reveal several novel features that demand further structural work to determine more precisely the mechanisms underlying catalysis and inhibition in this key target for antiviral drug development. Our recent structure determination of receptor-binding fragments from Clostridium difficile toxins bound to carbohydrate receptors showed for the first time the structural basis underlying receptor recognition. Further structural work is needed in this system to define the elements underlying the specificity and avidity of carbohydrate recognition that will provide the basis for developing novel treatments for C. difficile infections. Newer projects on enzymes important for the biosynthesis of cell wall carbohydrates in Mycobacterium tuberculosis have yielded crystals that may need MAD or SAD phasing to assist with structure determination.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR001209-32
Application #
8362195
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-P (40))
Project Start
2011-03-01
Project End
2012-02-29
Budget Start
2011-03-01
Budget End
2012-02-29
Support Year
32
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$1,648
Indirect Cost
Name
Stanford University
Department
Chemistry
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
009214214
City
Stanford
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94305
Remesh, Soumya G; Andreatta, Massimo; Ying, Ge et al. (2017) Unconventional Peptide Presentation by Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) Class I Allele HLA-A*02:01: BREAKING CONFINEMENT. J Biol Chem 292:5262-5270
VanderLinden, Ryan T; Hemmis, Casey W; Yao, Tingting et al. (2017) Structure and energetics of pairwise interactions between proteasome subunits RPN2, RPN13, and ubiquitin clarify a substrate recruitment mechanism. J Biol Chem 292:9493-9504
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Yoon, Chun Hong; DeMirci, Hasan; Sierra, Raymond G et al. (2017) Se-SAD serial femtosecond crystallography datasets from selenobiotinyl-streptavidin. Sci Data 4:170055
Warelow, Thomas P; Pushie, M Jake; Cotelesage, Julien J H et al. (2017) The active site structure and catalytic mechanism of arsenite oxidase. Sci Rep 7:1757
Tzarum, Netanel; de Vries, Robert P; Peng, Wenjie et al. (2017) The 150-Loop Restricts the Host Specificity of Human H10N8 Influenza Virus. Cell Rep 19:235-245
Hettle, Andrew; Fillo, Alexander; Abe, Kento et al. (2017) Properties of a family 56 carbohydrate-binding module and its role in the recognition and hydrolysis of ?-1,3-glucan. J Biol Chem 292:16955-16968

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