This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. The 600 or so proteases encoded in the human genome are involved in a diversity of biological processes. Some function as nonspecific degradative enzymes associated with protein catabolism, exhaustively cleaving many protein substrates at many sites. In contrast, several others function as selective post-translational modifiers, cleaving only a few protein substrates, usually at only one or a few sites. Apoptosis is an important example of a process regulated by limited intracellular proteolysis. This genetically programmed and non-inflammatory form of cell death is a central component of homeostasis and tissue turnover. Since chemotherapeutics typically kill cells by induction of apoptosis, this process is also highly relevant from a therapeutic standpoint. Unfortunately, comprehensive characterization of protease signaling in complex biological samples such as apoptotic cells is often limited by available proteomic methods. We have established a novel method for global sequencing of proteolytic cleavage sites in complex biochemical mixtures that is based on use of an engineered peptide ligase for selective biotinylation of free protein N-termini and positive enrichment of corresponding N-terminal peptides. In collaboration with the UCSF Mass Spectrometry Facility, we are applying this method to the study of proteolysis in apoptosis, using a variety of cancer cell lines and cytotoxic inducers as model systems. Our goal is to globally characterize how proteolysis in apoptosis varies as a function of time, apoptotic inducer, and cell type. The UCSF Mass Spectrometry Facility has been pivotal in providing the mass spectrometry instrumentation, software, and expertise essential for the success of this work.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR001614-29
Application #
8363766
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-M (40))
Project Start
2011-06-01
Project End
2012-05-31
Budget Start
2011-06-01
Budget End
2012-05-31
Support Year
29
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$52,433
Indirect Cost
Name
University of California San Francisco
Department
Pharmacology
Type
Schools of Pharmacy
DUNS #
094878337
City
San Francisco
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94143
Liu, Tzu-Yu; Huang, Hector H; Wheeler, Diamond et al. (2017) Time-Resolved Proteomics Extends Ribosome Profiling-Based Measurements of Protein Synthesis Dynamics. Cell Syst 4:636-644.e9
Twiss, Jeffery L; Fainzilber, Mike (2016) Neuroproteomics: How Many Angels can be Identified in an Extract from the Head of a Pin? Mol Cell Proteomics 15:341-3
Bikle, Daniel D (2016) Extraskeletal actions of vitamin D. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1376:29-52
Julien, Olivier; Zhuang, Min; Wiita, Arun P et al. (2016) Quantitative MS-based enzymology of caspases reveals distinct protein substrate specificities, hierarchies, and cellular roles. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 113:E2001-10
Bongrand, Clotilde; Koch, Eric J; Moriano-Gutierrez, Silvia et al. (2016) A genomic comparison of 13 symbiotic Vibrio fischeri isolates from the perspective of their host source and colonization behavior. ISME J 10:2907-2917
Cil, Onur; Phuan, Puay-Wah; Lee, Sujin et al. (2016) CFTR activator increases intestinal fluid secretion and normalizes stool output in a mouse model of constipation. Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol 2:317-327
Kintzer, Alexander F; Stroud, Robert M (2016) Structure, inhibition and regulation of two-pore channel TPC1 from Arabidopsis thaliana. Nature 531:258-62
Bradshaw, J Michael; McFarland, Jesse M; Paavilainen, Ville O et al. (2015) Prolonged and tunable residence time using reversible covalent kinase inhibitors. Nat Chem Biol 11:525-31
Bikle, Daniel D (2014) Vitamin D metabolism, mechanism of action, and clinical applications. Chem Biol 21:319-29
Correia, Maria Almira; Wang, YongQiang; Kim, Sung-Mi et al. (2014) Hepatic cytochrome P450 ubiquitination: conformational phosphodegrons for E2/E3 recognition? IUBMB Life 66:78-88

Showing the most recent 10 out of 625 publications