This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. The function of articular cartilage is to withstand high pressure, absorb shock and prevent the transmission of stress to the underlying bone. Osteoarthritis is a very common disease characterized by progressive degeneration of articular cartilage experienced as pain and disability. Early arthritis is typified by loss of the proteoglycan (PG) """"""""springs"""""""" that allow for cartilage to absorb everyday mechanical stress. In the past, T1? and sodium magnetic resonance imaging techniques have been used to study articular cartilage, which is sensitive to the concentration of proteoglycan in tissue. The purpose of the present study is to exploit inherent contrast with chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) technique and correlate with T1? relaxometry in arthritic cartilage of human knees. These results will enable us to determine specificity of T1? MRI towards PG in different conditions. With these studies, we hope to gain additional insight into the spatial distribution and progressive loss of PG in arthritis. These insights will be useful for the tracking of osteoarthritis and its treatments in affected patients. Future goal is to get co-registered CEST and T1? In vivo images for detecting early Osteoarthritis for increased diagnostic reliability.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR002305-27
Application #
8361976
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-SBIB-Q (40))
Project Start
2011-06-01
Project End
2012-05-31
Budget Start
2011-06-01
Budget End
2012-05-31
Support Year
27
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$30,753
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Pennsylvania
Department
Radiation-Diagnostic/Oncology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
042250712
City
Philadelphia
State
PA
Country
United States
Zip Code
19104
Pang, Henry; Bow, Cora; Cheung, Jason Pui Yin et al. (2017) The UTE Disc Sign on MRI: A Novel Imaging Biomarker Associated With Degenerative Spine Changes, Low Back Pain and Disability. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) :
Ercan, Altan; Kohrt, Wendy M; Cui, Jing et al. (2017) Estrogens regulate glycosylation of IgG in women and men. JCI Insight 2:e89703
Yadav, Santosh K; Kathiresan, Nagarajan; Mohan, Suyash et al. (2016) Gender-based analysis of cortical thickness and structural connectivity in Parkinson's disease. J Neurol 263:2308-2318
Xie, Long; Dolui, Sudipto; Das, Sandhitsu R et al. (2016) A brain stress test: Cerebral perfusion during memory encoding in mild cognitive impairment. Neuroimage Clin 11:388-97
Rosenbaum, Michael; Leibel, Rudolph L (2016) Models of energy homeostasis in response to maintenance of reduced body weight. Obesity (Silver Spring) 24:1620-9
Finkelstein, Joel S; Lee, Hang; Leder, Benjamin Z et al. (2016) Gonadal steroid-dependent effects on bone turnover and bone mineral density in men. J Clin Invest 126:1114-25
Machida, Manabu; Panasyuk, George Y; Wang, Zheng-Min et al. (2016) Radiative transport and optical tomography with large datasets. J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 33:551-8
Ban, H Y; Schweiger, M; Kavuri, V C et al. (2016) Heterodyne frequency-domain multispectral diffuse optical tomography of breast cancer in the parallel-plane transmission geometry. Med Phys 43:4383
Wang, Ping; Xue, Yiqun; Zhao, Xia et al. (2015) Effects of flip angle uncertainty and noise on the accuracy of DCE-MRI metrics: comparison between standard concentration-based and signal difference methods. Magn Reson Imaging 33:166-73
Franklin, Teresa R; Jagannathan, Kanchana; Wetherill, Reagan R et al. (2015) Influence of menstrual cycle phase on neural and craving responses to appetitive smoking cues in naturally cycling females. Nicotine Tob Res 17:390-7

Showing the most recent 10 out of 412 publications