This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. Light is a major environmental stimulus for both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Phytochromes are red light photoreceptors that regulate a wide range of physiological processes such as seed germination floral induction and phototaxis in plants fungi and bacteria. Plant phytochromes (Phy) and bacteriophytochromes (Bph) use a linear tetrapyrrole (bilin) as a chromophore and photo-convert between red-absorbing (Pr) and far-red-absorbing (Pfr) states (Rockwell et al 2006). However molecular and mechanistic details of photoconversion and signal transduction mechanisms remain obscure. During the last proposal (#6457) period we have successfully conducted experiments and collected data that allow us determine four different crystal structures of the photosensory domains from three distinct bacteriophytochromes (PaBphP from P. aeruginosa and RpBphP3/RpBphP2 from R. palustris) and several mutant structures in both Pr and Pfr states. We have solved the very first Pfr structure for phytochromes of any kind. We will continue to explore structural basis of signal transduction mechanisms in bacteriophytochromes using static and time-resolved crystallography as well as small-angle X-ray scattering techniques.
Our specific aims during this proposal period are: 1. to determine crystal structures of full-length bacteriophytochromes (160KD) with intact sensor and effector domains (static monochromatic crystallography);2. to cryo-trap structural intermediates during Pr/Pfr photoconversion reaction pathways (static monochromatic crystallography);3. to probe early structural intermediates (in ps-ms time scale) during photoconversion at ambient temperature (time-resolved Laue crystallography);4. to explore global structural changes that transmit light signal perceived by the N-terminal sensory domains to the C-terminal effector histidine kinase domain. This requires SAXS to study samples in solution since such global structural rearrangements are often limited in crystal lattice.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR007707-19
Application #
8363694
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BCMB-P (40))
Project Start
2011-08-01
Project End
2012-07-31
Budget Start
2011-08-01
Budget End
2012-07-31
Support Year
19
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$16,220
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Chicago
Department
Miscellaneous
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
005421136
City
Chicago
State
IL
Country
United States
Zip Code
60637
Kazantsev, Roman V; Dannenhoffer, Adam J; Weingarten, Adam S et al. (2017) Crystal-Phase Transitions and Photocatalysis in Supramolecular Scaffolds. J Am Chem Soc 139:6120-6127
Fournier, Bertrand; Sokolow, Jesse; Coppens, Philip (2016) Analysis of multicrystal pump-probe data sets. II. Scaling of ratio data sets. Acta Crystallogr A Found Adv 72:250-60
Cho, Hyun Sun; Schotte, Friedrich; Dashdorj, Naranbaatar et al. (2016) Picosecond Photobiology: Watching a Signaling Protein Function in Real Time via Time-Resolved Small- and Wide-Angle X-ray Scattering. J Am Chem Soc 138:8815-23
Pande, Kanupriya; Hutchison, Christopher D M; Groenhof, Gerrit et al. (2016) Femtosecond structural dynamics drives the trans/cis isomerization in photoactive yellow protein. Science 352:725-9
Weingarten, Adam S; Kazantsev, Roman V; Palmer, Liam C et al. (2015) Supramolecular Packing Controls H? Photocatalysis in Chromophore Amphiphile Hydrogels. J Am Chem Soc 137:15241-6
Yang, Xiaojing; Stojkovi?, Emina A; Ozarowski, Wesley B et al. (2015) Light Signaling Mechanism of Two Tandem Bacteriophytochromes. Structure 23:1179-89
Mariette, Céline; Guérin, Laurent; Rabiller, Philippe et al. (2015) The creation of modulated monoclinic aperiodic composites in n-alkane/urea compounds. Z Kristallogr Cryst Mater 230:5-11
Pfoh, Roland; Pai, Emil F; Saridakis, Vivian (2015) Nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase displays alternate binding modes for nicotinamide nucleotides. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 71:2032-9
Sampath, Sujatha; Yarger, Jeffery L (2015) Structural hysteresis in dragline spider silks induced by supercontraction: An x-ray fiber micro-diffraction study. RSC Adv 5:1462-1473
Coppens, Philip; Fournier, Bertrand (2015) New methods in time-resolved Laue pump-probe crystallography at synchrotron sources. J Synchrotron Radiat 22:280-7

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