This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. INTRODUCTION: In order to follow the changes related to early osteoarthritis and cartilage repair, we require the capability to show the morphological and biochemical properties of cartilage. Two promising techniques are T2 mapping and diffusion- weighted imaging (DWI). The Dual-Echo Steady-State (DESS) sequence has been used for morphological imaging and T2 mapping. In this work, we improve the accuracy of T2 measurement using DESS by simultaneously solving for diffusion characteristics (ADC). THEORY: The DESS sequence acquires two echoes per repetition of the RF pulse. The echoes are separated by a spoiler gradient, which provides diffusion sensitivity. The echoes have signal contributions from different pathways and therefore exhibit different diffusion and T2 weightings depending on sequence parameters like flip angle, spoiler gradient area, and timing. While the dependence of the signal on sequence and tissue parameters is complex, two different acquisitions, resulting in four images, can be fitted to the signal equations to estimate T2 and ADC. To read about other projects ongoing at the Lucas Center, please visit http://rsl.stanford.edu/ (Lucas Annual Report and ISMRM 2011 Abstracts)

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Biotechnology Resource Grants (P41)
Project #
5P41RR009784-17
Application #
8362956
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-SBIB-U (40))
Project Start
2011-04-01
Project End
2012-03-31
Budget Start
2011-04-01
Budget End
2012-03-31
Support Year
17
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$19,531
Indirect Cost
Name
Stanford University
Department
Radiation-Diagnostic/Oncology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
009214214
City
Stanford
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94305
Taviani, Valentina; Alley, Marcus T; Banerjee, Suchandrima et al. (2017) High-resolution diffusion-weighted imaging of the breast with multiband 2D radiofrequency pulses and a generalized parallel imaging reconstruction. Magn Reson Med 77:209-220
Guo, Jia; Holdsworth, Samantha J; Fan, Audrey P et al. (2017) Comparing accuracy and reproducibility of sequential and Hadamard-encoded multidelay pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling for measuring cerebral blood flow and arterial transit time in healthy subjects: A simulation and in vivo study. J Magn Reson Imaging :
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Aksoy, Murat; Maclaren, Julian; Bammer, Roland (2017) Prospective motion correction for 3D pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling using an external optical tracking system. Magn Reson Imaging 39:44-52
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Vos, Sjoerd B; Aksoy, Murat; Han, Zhaoying et al. (2016) Trade-off between angular and spatial resolutions in in vivo fiber tractography. Neuroimage 129:117-132
Suh, Ga-Young; Choi, Gilwoo; Herfkens, Robert J et al. (2016) Three-Dimensional Modeling Analysis of Visceral Arteries and Kidneys during Respiration. Ann Vasc Surg 34:250-60
Ong, Frank; Lustig, Michael (2016) Beyond Low Rank + Sparse: Multi-scale Low Rank Matrix Decomposition. IEEE J Sel Top Signal Process 10:672-687

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