PROJECT 5: Nanotechnology-Based Environmental Sensing. Remediation of highly contaminated Superfund sites requires monitoring and evaluation of the contaminants themselves and their byproducts. Superfund sites have diverse and complex toxic species that contaminate soils, water and the surrounding air;determining what is there, and then determining the extent and effectiveness of remediation continue to present challenges. The rapid development of nanotechnology has offered significant opportunities to produce new sensors for the characterization and monitoring needs of Superfund, not only in the gas phase, but in the different environments where toxic and/or hazardous materials are produced or where they accumulate. We will take advantage of the unique properties of nanoscale materials to detect and measure species such as heavy metals. We plan to develop a collection of sensing protocols for the detection of arsenic, mercury and flame retardant compounds with high sensitivity and specificity. We will develop and apply small-molecule chemical indicators for fluorescence detection of mercury, lead, cadmium, and other toxic heavy metals in environmental laboratory and field samples, with specific interest in seafood and soil specimens. Parallel with this effort, plasmon absorption spectroscopy based on metal nanocrystals will be used for low-cost, rapid detection of mercury in air and aqueous environmental samples. We will continue to develop silver nanocrystal based substrates for ultra-sensitive arsenic detection using surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. We will extend this sensing platform towards detecting chemical fingerprint for the analytes, distinguishing between the two most common oxidation states of arsenic: arsenate (As^) and arsenite (As'"""""""") both in ground water and some other complex media. Similariy this sensing scheme will be applied towards detection of methylated arsenic species with high sensitivity using small sample volume. In addition, we will also develop a sensitive and selective miniaturized electronic sensor for environmental toxicants molecules such as polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDE) using specific molecular recognition elements. These studies should provide new methods to detect and measure chemical and biological species at Superfund sites. The new methods will also be useful for assessing remediation efforts and the reduction of hazardous species at known sources.

Public Health Relevance

Novel sensing methods based on nanoscale materials could be deployed to gather more information about the extent of contamination as well as for verifying that cleanup methods are effective. Our proposal seeks to further explore the unique properties of materials on the nanoscale, and to exploit that knowledge to develop new sensing elements embodied in small molecules, nanoparticles and their ensembles. Our work focuses on the detection and quantification of heavy metals such as arsenic and mercury, and certain flame retardant compounds: these methods have the potential to be extended to other targets of interest.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Type
Hazardous Substances Basic Research Grants Program (NIEHS) (P42)
Project #
5P42ES004705-26
Application #
8461215
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZES1-SET-V)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2013-04-01
Budget End
2014-03-31
Support Year
26
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$281,406
Indirect Cost
$77,600
Name
University of California Berkeley
Department
Type
DUNS #
124726725
City
Berkeley
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94704
Smith, Allan H; Marshall, Guillermo; Roh, Taehyun et al. (2018) Lung, Bladder, and Kidney Cancer Mortality 40?Years After Arsenic Exposure Reduction. J Natl Cancer Inst 110:241-249
Castriota, Felicia; Acevedo, Johanna; Ferreccio, Catterina et al. (2018) Obesity and increased susceptibility to arsenic-related type 2 diabetes in Northern Chile. Environ Res 167:248-254
Rothman, Nathaniel; Zhang, Luoping; Smith, Martyn T et al. (2018) Formaldehyde, Hematotoxicity, and Chromosomal Changes-Response. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 27:120-121
Yik-Sham Chung, Clive; Timblin, Greg A; Saijo, Kaoru et al. (2018) Versatile Histochemical Approach to Detection of Hydrogen Peroxide in Cells and Tissues Based on Puromycin Staining. J Am Chem Soc 140:6109-6121
Rappaport, Stephen M (2018) Redefining environmental exposure for disease etiology. NPJ Syst Biol Appl 4:30
Tachachartvanich, Phum; Sangsuwan, Rapeepat; Ruiz, Heather S et al. (2018) Assessment of the Endocrine-Disrupting Effects of Trichloroethylene and Its Metabolites Using in Vitro and in Silico Approaches. Environ Sci Technol 52:1542-1550
Guyton, Kathryn Z; Rieswijk, Linda; Wang, Amy et al. (2018) Key Characteristics Approach to Carcinogenic Hazard Identification. Chem Res Toxicol :
Roh, Taehyun; Steinmaus, Craig; Marshall, Guillermo et al. (2018) Age at Exposure to Arsenic in Water and Mortality 30-40 Years After Exposure Cessation. Am J Epidemiol 187:2297-2305
Daniels, Sarah I; Chambers, John C; Sanchez, Sylvia S et al. (2018) Elevated Levels of Organochlorine Pesticides in South Asian Immigrants Are Associated With an Increased Risk of Diabetes. J Endocr Soc 2:832-841
Guyton, Kathryn Z; Rusyn, Ivan; Chiu, Weihsueh A et al. (2018) Application of the key characteristics of carcinogens in cancer hazard identification. Carcinogenesis 39:614-622

Showing the most recent 10 out of 629 publications