The Analytical Core provides routine and non-routine analytical service to the University of lowa research program. The core provides expert staff, equipment, and instrumentation in line with five Aims.
Specific Aim 1 is the development of analytical and quality control/assurance standards. In close collaboration with the Synthesis Core, which is responsible for acquiring and archiving individual compound standards and preparing stock solutions, the Analytical Core develops the mathematical methods for congener representation, analyzes single congener solutions for purity assessment and quality control, and tests the prepared standard solutions against certified Standard Reference Materials, including PCB calibration mixtures.
Specific Aim 2 is the development of a mixture of PCB congeners for laboratory animal exposure studies. The Analytical Core develop the mathematical methods to design the exposure mixture and tests the prepared mixtures against certified Standard Reference Materials.
Specific Aim 3 is the analysis of environmental and laboratory samples for a suite of PCB congener. The Analytical Core will extract and analyze PCBs on a congener-specific basis: 209 congeners are detected as individual or coeluting sets. We typically achieve 170 congener separations in environmental samples. Applying the primary calibration standard developed under Aim 1, samples are quantified by the internal standard method. Internal Standards and Surrogate Recovery Standards developed under Aim 1 are used to precisely determine PCB concentrations in samples. Methods for analysis on a congener-specific basis are assessed using performance standard injections and analysis of certified Standard Reference Materials. Most analyses are performed on the entire suite of PCB congeners, including laboratory animals exposed to the mixtures described in Aim 2 and including blood from humans and non-laboratory animals. Other samples are analyzed for specific congeners and metabolites in support of investigators focused on congener-specific toxicology.
Specific Aim 4 involves the extraction, identification, and quantification of unknown metabolites. The Analytical Core determines purity of synthesized metabolites and associated analytical standards, then analyzes for hydroxylated PCBs and other PCB metabolites. As requested by the isbrp investigators, the Analytical Core will also train personnel and assist in sampling design and implementation.
Specific Aim 5 is the design and maintenance of a database system. A redundant storage architecture with automatic backup and password protection is used to allow investigators to download data and reports produced by the Analytical Core.
|Herkert, Nicholas J; Spak, Scott N; Smith, Austen et al. (2017) Calibration and evaluation of PUF-PAS sampling rates across the Global Atmospheric Passive Sampling (GAPS) network. Environ Sci Process Impacts :|
|Sethi, Sunjay; Keil, Kimberly P; Chen, Hao et al. (2017) Detection of 3,3'-Dichlorobiphenyl in Human Maternal Plasma and Its Effects on Axonal and Dendritic Growth in Primary Rat Neurons. Toxicol Sci 158:401-411|
|Kania-Korwel, Izabela; Wu, Xianai; Wang, Kai et al. (2017) Identification of lipidomic markers of chronic 3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 126) exposure in the male rat liver. Toxicology 390:124-134|
|Holland, Erika B; Feng, Wei; Zheng, Jing et al. (2017) An Extended Structure-Activity Relationship of Nondioxin-Like PCBs Evaluates and Supports Modeling Predictions and Identifies Picomolar Potency of PCB 202 Towards Ryanodine Receptors. Toxicol Sci 155:170-181|
|Li, Xueshu; Parkin, Sean R; Lehmler, Hans-Joachim (2017) Absolute configuration of 2,2',3,3',6-pentachlorinatedbiphenyl (PCB 84) atropisomers. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int :|
|Qian, Jiajie; Jennings, Brandon; Cwiertny, David M et al. (2017) Emerging investigator series: development and application of polymeric electrospun nanofiber mats as equilibrium-passive sampler media for organic compounds. Environ Sci Process Impacts 19:1445-1456|
|Gourronc, Francoise A; Robertson, Larry W; Klingelhutz, Aloysius J (2017) A delayed proinflammatory response of human preadipocytes to PCB126 is dependent on the aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int :|
|Schroer, Hunter W; Langenfeld, Kathryn L; Li, Xueshu et al. (2017) Biotransformation of 2,4-dinitroanisole by a fungal Penicillium sp. Biodegradation 28:95-109|
|Marek, Rachel F; Thorne, Peter S; Herkert, Nicholas J et al. (2017) Airborne PCBs and OH-PCBs Inside and Outside Urban and Rural U.S. Schools. Environ Sci Technol 51:7853-7860|
|Dhakal, Kiran; Gadupudi, Gopi S; Lehmler, Hans-Joachim et al. (2017) Sources and toxicities of phenolic polychlorinated biphenyls (OH-PCBs). Environ Sci Pollut Res Int :|
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