The continuation of the Alcohol Research Group's (ARG) National Alcohol Research Center, Epidemiology of Alcohol Problems: Alcohol-related Disparities, brings increased focus to the NIH's priority area of disparities in health, mental health and social problems. The Center, building on its ground-breaking conceptual and methodological contributions for over 35 years, studies the complex interactions between drinking patterns across the life-course, demographic characteristics, sociocultural and drinking contexts, community and policy factors, and problem outcomes, both in the general population and with attention to specific subgroups. Recognizing ARG scientists' increased focus on and expertise in disparities in alcohol use patterns, problems and health outcomes, and the significant gaps in the knowledge base addressed by this research, we have decided to make this the unifying theme of this Center round and going forward. The Center is organized around five cores: (1) the Administrative Core supporting our basic administrative needs; (2) the National Alcohol Survey (NAS) Resources Core that would allow continued implementation of our NAS, which is a repeated, cross-sectional, national epidemiological survey with large oversamples of Blacks and Latinos and individually-linked geo-referenced area measures, conducted with comparable measurement every 5 years and facilitating disparities analyses focused on race/ethnicity and socioeconomic groups; (3) the Statistics and Data Services (SDS) Core bringing together analytic expertise, experienced data management skills and training for ARG scientists and research staff; (4) the Pilots Core which follows on three, prior successful pilot programs and fosters exciting and innovative disparities-related projects from our most promising junior investigators; and (5) the Dissemination Core which will develop and disseminate alcohol risk and drinking guideline information with special focus on racial/ethnic minority populations, building on ARG research findings as well as incorporating new findings from Center projects. Additionally, we propose four research projects: (6) the Health Disparities project addressing racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in alcohol-related injuries, diabetes and heart-related outcomes; (7) the Policy project assessing differential effects of alcohol-related policies on alcohol outcomes and treatment utilization across racial/ethnic and socioeconomic groups; (8) the US-Mexico Border project involving geographic area comparisons of alcohol and drug use, problems, and treatment among Latino groups in this highly disadvantaged region; and (9) the Neighborhood Methods project developing and utilizing measures of neighborhood effects relevant to racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities across the rural-urban spectrum. These Cores and Projects illustrate a rich diversity of approaches and compelling public health questions, and stand to inform future research in the disparities arena with conceptual, measurement and analytical innovations.

Public Health Relevance

The proposed Center provides resources, training, data and statistical expertise for the study of alcohol-related health, mental health and social problem disparities in the U.S. arising from differences between racial/ethnic and socioeconomic groups. Research projects will provide insights in to alcohol-related health risks, the effects of existing alcohol and health policies on alcohol-related disparities, and area-level influences on disparities in alcohol and drug use, abuse, related problems and treatment. Knowledge gained will further understanding of alcohol-related disparities and will strengthen the design, implementation and targeting of prevention and policy interventions to address these.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Specialized Center (P50)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAA1)
Program Officer
Breslow, Rosalind
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Public Health Institute
United States
Zip Code
Karriker-Jaffe, Katherine J; Witbrodt, Jane; Subbaraman, Meenakshi S et al. (2018) What Happens After Treatment? Long-Term Effects of Continued Substance Use, Psychiatric Problems and Help-Seeking on Social Status of Alcohol-Dependent Individuals. Alcohol Alcohol 53:394-402
Kerr, William C; Ye, Yu; Williams, Edwina et al. (2018) Lifetime Alcohol Use Patterns and Risk of Diabetes Onset in the National Alcohol Survey. Alcohol Clin Exp Res :
Kerr, William C; Ye, Yu; Subbaraman, Meenakshi Sabina et al. (2018) Changes in Marijuana Use Across the 2012 Washington State Recreational Legalization: Is Retrospective Assessment of Use Before Legalization More Accurate? J Stud Alcohol Drugs 79:495-502
Borges, Guilherme; Zemore, Sarah E; Orozco, Ricardo et al. (2018) Drug use on both sides of the US-Mexico border. Salud Publica Mex 60:451-461
Karriker-Jaffe, Katherine J; Greenfield, Thomas K; Mulia, Nina et al. (2018) Ten-Year Trend in Women's Reasons for Abstaining or Limiting Drinking: The 2000 and 2010 United States National Alcohol Surveys. J Womens Health (Larchmt) 27:665-675
Bensley, Kara M; Seelig, Amber D; Armenta, Richard F et al. (2018) Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Association With Subsequent Risky and Problem Drinking Initiation. J Addict Med 12:353-362
Kerr, William C; Lui, Camillia; Ye, Yu (2018) Trends and age, period and cohort effects for marijuana use prevalence in the 1984-2015 US National Alcohol Surveys. Addiction 113:473-481
Karriker-Jaffe, Katherine J; Li, Libo; Greenfield, Thomas K (2018) Estimating mental health impacts of alcohol's harms from other drinkers: using propensity scoring methods with national cross-sectional data from the United States. Addiction 113:1826-1839
Trangenstein, Pamela J; Morojele, Neo K; Lombard, Carl et al. (2018) Heavy drinking and contextual risk factors among adults in South Africa: findings from the International Alcohol Control study. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 13:43
Klinger, Jamie L; Karriker-Jaffe, Katherine J; Witbrodt, Jane et al. (2018) Effects of Distance to Treatment on Subsequent Alcohol Consumption. Drugs (Abingdon Engl) 25:173-180

Showing the most recent 10 out of 257 publications