Despite the high cost and widespread prevalence of alcohol use disorders, treatment options are limited. Thus, there is considerable interest in developing new therapeutic agents to treat alcohol use disorders. New evidence suggests that atypical PKM? regulates addiction-related behavior, but nothing is known about PKM? regulation of ethanol intake. PKM? is an important downstream effecter of mTORC1, a protein signaling complex that regulates ethanol consumption and has become a central focus of the ACTG. PKM? is encoded by the Prkcz gene and is critical for memory maintenance. Brain Prkcz expression is greater in inbred and selected lines of mice that drink high amounts of ethanol, and in the striatum of C57BL/6 mice after a single bout of ethanol intake. Thus, ethanol-related increases in PKM? may promote excessive drinking, suggesting PKM? inhibition could be a unique strategy to reduce ethanol consumption. PKM? may promote drug self-administration through actions in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) since NAc PKM? is required conditioned reward for cocaine and morphine The central hypothesis of our proposal is that ethanol activates PKM? signaling in the NAc, and that this activation promotes ethanol consumption.
Specific Aim 1 uses multiple complementary techniques (conditional knockout of PKM?, a dominant-negative PKM? mutant and a PKC? inhibitor peptide) to assess whether NAc PKM? promotes binge ethanol consumption, reinstatement, and relapse to drinking.
Specific Aim 2 investigates whether ethanol intake activates NAc PKM? through mTORC1 signaling (in collaboration with Research Component 4).
Specific Aim 3 examines whether PKM? promotes binge ethanol intake through GluA2-containing AMPA receptors, based on previous work indicating that PKM? increases GluA2 subunits at glutamatergic synapses.
Specific Aim 4 uses a new, chemical genetics approach to identify PKM? substrates that may regulate ethanol intake and AMPA receptor function. By understanding the interaction between ethanol intake and PKM?, we hope to achieve our long-term goal of identifying novel signaling pathways that are targets for future development of drugs to treat alcohol use disorders.
Our research will investigate whether a molecule that is critical for long-term memory, PKM?, sustains high levels of ethanol intake and promotes relapse to ethanol drinking. The proposed studies will provide new information about a novel enzyme that could lead in the future to new drugs to treat alcohol use disorders
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