The project builds upon the largest case control study of bladder cancer (BC) in U.S. with extensive epidemiologic and clinical data and rich biospecimens (DNA, fissue, and serum/plasma). We propose a systemafic study of microRNAs (miRNAs) in BC efiology, prognosis, and BCG response, including germline SNP genotyping, somafic miRNA profiling, and detecfion of circulafing miRNA.
Our specific aims are: 1) To identify novel germline suscepfibility loci in miRNA pathway that predispose to BC risk using a two-stage design. We will screen -8000 SNPs in 1000 cases and 1000 controls and then validate top 384 SNPs in an addifional 1000 cases and controls. 2) To identify novel germline suscepfibility loci in miRNA pathway that predict non-muscle invasive BC (NMIBC) recurrence and progression using a similar twostage design as in Aim 1. In screening phase, we will use 1,200 NMIBC patients from our ongoing case control study. We will also performed stratified analysis on those patients receiving BCG treatment since BCG is the prevalent intravesical therapy for high risk NMIBC. In the validation phase, we will use 300 patients who were enrolled in a clinical trial of BCG treatment. 3) To identify somatic miRNA expression as predictors of BCG response. We will determine global miRNA expression profiles in 50 BC tumor tissues with recurrence and 50 without recurrence in patients receiving BCG treatment to idenfify somatic miRNA signature that predicts recurrence and then validate the signatures in an addifional 75 pairs of tissues. We will also correlate the validated SNPs from Aim 2 with the expression of validated miRNAs from this aim. 4) To identify circulating miRNAs as predictors of recurrence and progression in NMIBC patients receiving BCG treatment. Similar to Aim 3, we will use a two stage design to idenfify and validate miRNA signatures for recurrence and progression in the context of BCG treatment. Screening will be done in serum of 100 BCG-treated NMIBC patients with and 100 pafients without recurrence, and in 50 BCG-treated NMIBC patients with and 50 pafients without progression, and validation will be done using 300 pafients enrolled in the BCG clinical trial.
Identification of genetic susceptibility loci will help identify high-risk subgroups of individuals for bladder cancer who may be subjected to Intense surveillance and chemoprevention. In addition, by identifying biomarkers for recurrence and progression, particularly for the prediction of BCG response, this proposal may improve clinical management of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer to achieve personalized therapy.biomarkers for recurrence and progression, particulariy for the prediction of BCG response, this proposal may improve clinical management of non-muscle Invasive bladder cancer to achieve personalized therapy.
|Choi, Woonyoung; Porten, Sima; Kim, Seungchan et al. (2014) Identification of distinct basal and luminal subtypes of muscle-invasive bladder cancer with different sensitivities to frontline chemotherapy. Cancer Cell 25:152-65|
|Hoang, Anthony N; Agarwal, Piyush K; Walton-Diaz, Annerleim et al. (2014) Clinical significance of ureteric 'skip lesions' at the time of radical cystectomy: the M.D. Anderson experience and literature review. BJU Int 113:E28-33|
|Benedict, W F; Fisher, M; Zhang, X-Q et al. (2014) Use of monitoring levels of soluble forms of cytokeratin 18 in the urine of patients with superficial bladder cancer following intravesical Ad-IFN?/Syn3 treatment in a phase l study. Cancer Gene Ther 21:91-4|
|Figueroa, Jonine D; Ye, Yuanqing; Siddiq, Afshan et al. (2014) Genome-wide association study identifies multiple loci associated with bladder cancer risk. Hum Mol Genet 23:1387-98|
|Culp, Stephen H; Dickstein, Rian J; Grossman, H Barton et al. (2014) Refining patient selection for neoadjuvant chemotherapy before radical cystectomy. J Urol 191:40-7|
|Chakravarti, Deepavali; Su, Xiaohua; Cho, Min Soon et al. (2014) Induced multipotency in adult keratinocytes through down-regulation of ?Np63 or DGCR8. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111:E572-81|
|Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network (2014) Comprehensive molecular characterization of urothelial bladder carcinoma. Nature 507:315-22|
|Dinney, Colin P N; Hansel, Donna; McConkey, David et al. (2014) Novel neoadjuvant therapy paradigms for bladder cancer: results from the National Cancer Center Institute Forum. Urol Oncol 32:1108-15|
|Yan, Chao; Liu, Degang; Li, Liwei et al. (2014) Discovery and characterization of small molecules that target the GTPase Ral. Nature 515:443-7|
|Lee, Eugene K; Ye, Yuanquing; Kamat, Ashish M et al. (2013) Genetic variations in regulator of G-protein signaling (RGS) confer risk of bladder cancer. Cancer 119:1643-51|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 178 publications