Competitive Renewal of the Yale SCOR on Women Health: Sex, Stress and Substance Abuse Substance use disorders (SUDs) are chronic relapsing illnesses with devastating psychosocial, health and societal consequences. Differential susceptibility to SUDs in men and women is well known. Historically, prevalence of disorders such as cocaine abuse is higher in men than women, but emerging evidence indicates that adolescent girls are as likely or slightly more likely to use and abuse substances, such as cocaine, than adolescent boys. Stress is a major factor increasing the vulnerability to develop SUDs in girls and in women. Our current SCOR findings indicate that females are more vulnerable to the addictive properties of abusive drugs and that stress markers such as early trauma and altered stress neurobiology plays a pivotal role in the continued drug use and relapse cycle in women. In this SCOR competitive renewal, we propose translational research that will systematically examine mechanisms of such increased vulnerability in girls and in women. Continued support is requested to conduct interdisciplinary studies to address the following three scientific goals: (1) to examine sex differences in the neural and psychobiological effects of prenatal cocaine exposure (PCE) on stress responses affecting risk of developing SUDs;(2) to evaluate the effects of sex-specific factors in the association between stress, drug seeking and vulnerability to cocaine relapse;and (3) to build scientific collaborations through consultation and research support so as to increase the study of sex-specific effects on stress and drug abuse among investigators locally, regionally and nationally. These goals will be accomplished by means of basic science and clinical studies conducted in animals and in humans. A greater understanding of these interactions will directly affect the development of sex-specific prevention and treatment approaches that will enhance the health of addicted women and their families. The following specific aims will be achieved by the SCOR: (1) To conduct a series of translational research projects on the interdisciplinary study of sex-specific effects in the association between stress and SUDs across the lifespan;(2) To extend the SCOR collaborative research program utilizing SCOR core scientific resources to facilitate the investigation of sex-specific factors in ongoing independently-funded research relating to the etiology, neurobiology and treatment of SUDs that includes faculty and research at other institutions;(3) To assist a range of young investigators from different disciplines both at Yale and at other institutions in conducting sex-specific research on stress and drug abuse through mentorship, research support and scientific consultation;(4) To establish inter-SCOR collaborations on common stress mechanisms to study similarities and differences in biological and social factors that contribute to stress-related disorders affecting women's health.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Type
Specialized Center (P50)
Project #
5P50DA016556-10
Application #
8106267
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-HOP-U (40))
Program Officer
Wetherington, Cora Lee
Project Start
2002-09-30
Project End
2013-06-30
Budget Start
2011-07-01
Budget End
2013-06-30
Support Year
10
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$991,355
Indirect Cost
Name
Yale University
Department
Psychiatry
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
043207562
City
New Haven
State
CT
Country
United States
Zip Code
06520
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Zakiniaeiz, Yasmin; Cosgrove, Kelly P; Mazure, Carolyn M et al. (2017) Does Telescoping Exist in Male and Female Gamblers? Does It Matter? Front Psychol 8:1510
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Milivojevic, Verica; Fox, Helen C; Sofuoglu, Mehmet et al. (2016) Effects of progesterone stimulated allopregnanolone on craving and stress response in cocaine dependent men and women. Psychoneuroendocrinology 65:44-53
Mackey, Scott; Kan, Kees-Jan; Chaarani, Bader et al. (2016) Genetic imaging consortium for addiction medicine: From neuroimaging to genes. Prog Brain Res 224:203-23
Panjwani, Naaila; Chaplin, Tara M; Sinha, Rajita et al. (2016) Gender Differences in Emotion Expression in Low-Income Adolescents Under Stress. J Nonverbal Behav 40:117-132
Kober, Hedy; Lacadie, Cheryl M; Wexler, Bruce E et al. (2016) Brain Activity During Cocaine Craving and Gambling Urges: An fMRI Study. Neuropsychopharmacology 41:628-37
Yip, Sarah W; Lacadie, Cheryl M; Sinha, Rajita et al. (2016) Prenatal cocaine exposure, illicit-substance use and stress and craving processes during adolescence. Drug Alcohol Depend 158:76-85

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