This Medications Development Center (MDC) for cocaine pharmacotherapy renewal has evaluated over 25 new medications, introduced many new technologies (fMRI, pharma MRI, SPECT, genetics), and facilitated multidisciplinary collaborations among clinical pharmacology, laboratory medicine, neuroimaging, and molecular genetics. We have 78 publications in the past 4 years, covering cocaine genetics (GABA transporter) to vaccines and opiate and nicotine research collaborations with the Chinese National Institute on Drug Dependence. In our continuation we will focus on medication development by modulating norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA) and propose six Specific Aims. 1. To conduct human laboratory cocaine- and methamphetamine (MA)-administration studies with 4 new agents for safety and efficacy: RTI-336 (DA transporter blocker), SY117 (adenosine 2a inhibitor to increase DA activity), and two novel agents, YPK10A and JD-Tic (kappa opiate antagonist) (Proj 1). 2. To conduct two clinical trials of agents modulating NE activity through alpha 1-NE blockade (prazosin and carvedilol) or NE reduction by inhibiting dopamine beta hydroxylase (Proj 2 &3). 3. To test for NE genetic matching of patients to the 3 medications in our two clinical trials. 4. To continue pilot research focused on human genetics for matching new NE and other agents to effective cocaine &MA pharmacotherapies. 5. To attract and train new drug abuse pharmacotherapy investigators through our Center's Core facilities and projects. 6. To disseminate our findings through education and international collaborations.

Public Health Relevance

Cocaine- and MA-dependence are major public health problems in the United States. No FDA-approved treatments for cocaine- or methamphetamine-dependence exist. A greater knowledge of the basic biology of cocaine- and methamphetamine dependence combined with genetic matching for medication response will lead to improved treatments for the disorder.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Type
Specialized Center (P50)
Project #
5P50DA018197-09
Application #
8304833
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZDA1-SXC-E (13))
Program Officer
Biswas, Jamie
Project Start
2004-09-27
Project End
2014-05-31
Budget Start
2012-06-01
Budget End
2013-05-31
Support Year
9
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$1,257,829
Indirect Cost
$308,511
Name
Baylor College of Medicine
Department
Psychiatry
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
051113330
City
Houston
State
TX
Country
United States
Zip Code
77030
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Shorter, Daryl; Nielsen, David A; Hamon, Sara C et al. (2016) The α-1 adrenoceptor (ADRA1A) genotype moderates the magnitude of acute cocaine-induced subjective effects in cocaine-dependent individuals. Pharmacogenet Genomics 26:428-35
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Bauer, Isabelle E; Soares, Jair C; Nielsen, David A (2015) The role of opioidergic genes in the treatment outcome of drug addiction pharmacotherapy: A systematic review. Am J Addict 24:15-23

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