Primary prevention is a goal for the investigation of any chronic illness. Project 2 focuses on translating basic neurobiological findings about the role of alpha 7 nicotinic receptors in early brain development into clinical assessments of early human developmental abnormalities that can progress to schizophrenia later in life. It is also conducting initial tests of a specific perinatal intervention to reduce this risk. We have systematically examined the development of psychophysiological and neuropsychological abnormalities associated with the genetic liability to schizophrenia in adults. These include auditory sensory gating deficits demonstrated with PSO auditory evoked potentials, abnormalities in smooth pursuit eye movements, mismatch negativity, and various measures of attention. Abnormalities in these measures appear in some children of parents with schizophrenia as soon as testing is developmentally possible. Basic science research points to the perinatal period as a critical window for the role of alpha 7 nicotinic receptors, with their maximal expression occurring then as the adult forms of GABA and glutamate synapses are expressed. We developed techniques to record PSO sensory gating within several weeks of birth and showed that this function is already normally present. In the proposed aims, we will extend our initial observation that parental history of psychosis is associated with diminished PSO auditory sensory gating. Project 3 will genotype our subjects to test whether the genetic associations of these deficits in early development are the same as the associations in adults. Similar genetic association may support the hypothesis that the deficits in children at risk for schizophrenia have the same molecular basis as deficits observed in schizophrenia itself. We will also extend a second observation that maternal nicotine use during pregnancy is associated with diminished PSO auditory sensory gating. These effects are additive with the effects of apparent genetic risk and implicate nicotinic receptors in the deficit, as is also true in adults with schizophrenia who respond to chronic nicotine exposure with loss of PSO gating. Based on Project 3's demonstration that perinatal choline, an alpha 7 nicotinic receptor agonist, improves sensory gating in the DBA/2 mouse model of genetic deficiencies in alpha 7 nicotinic receptors and sensory gating, we have obtained FDA permission to administer perinatal choline to mothers and their infants. We will continue this clinical investigation, which shows initial promise of early enhancement of sensory gating. Project 2 receives clinical research support from Project 1 and basic research support from Projects 3,4,5,6.

Public Health Relevance

New therapeutic strategies for schizophrenia are needed to improve cognitive dysfunction and negative symptoms and to prevent the development of psychosis. The Center investigates a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor as a new therapeutic target. Investigational results are used to design a new drug treatment for schizophrenia and a preventative nutrient intervention during infant development, both of which activate this rprpntnr

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Type
Specialized Center (P50)
Project #
5P50MH086383-05
Application #
8515789
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZMH1-ERB-F)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2013-08-01
Budget End
2014-07-31
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$247,226
Indirect Cost
$67,224
Name
University of Colorado Denver
Department
Type
DUNS #
041096314
City
Aurora
State
CO
Country
United States
Zip Code
80045
Papaleo, Francesco; Yang, Feng; Paterson, Clare et al. (2016) Behavioral, Neurophysiological, and Synaptic Impairment in a Transgenic Neuregulin1 (NRG1-IV) Murine Schizophrenia Model. J Neurosci 36:4859-75
D'Anna-Hernandez, Kimberly L; Garcia, Esmeralda; Coussons-Read, Mary et al. (2016) Sleep Moderates and Mediates the Relationship Between Acculturation and Depressive Symptoms in Pregnant Mexican-American Women. Matern Child Health J 20:422-33
Wu, Wei-Li; Hsiao, Elaine Y; Yan, Zihao et al. (2016) The placental interleukin-6 signaling controls fetal brain development and behavior. Brain Behav Immun :
Chow, Ke-Huan; Yan, Zihao; Wu, Wei-Li (2016) Induction of Maternal Immune Activation in Mice at Mid-gestation Stage with Viral Mimic Poly(I:C). J Vis Exp :e53643
Tregellas, Jason R; Smucny, Jason; Legget, Kristina T et al. (2015) Effects of a ketogenic diet on auditory gating in DBA/2 mice: A proof-of-concept study. Schizophr Res 169:351-4
Smucny, Jason; Olincy, Ann; Eichman, Lindsay S et al. (2015) Neuronal effects of nicotine during auditory selective attention. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 232:2017-28
Javitt, Daniel C; Freedman, Robert (2015) Sensory processing dysfunction in the personal experience and neuronal machinery of schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry 172:17-31
Lester, Henry A; Lavis, Luke D; Dougherty, Dennis A (2015) Ketamine inside neurons? Am J Psychiatry 172:1064-6
Wilking, Jennifer A; Stitzel, Jerry A (2015) Natural genetic variability of the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit genes in mice: Consequences and confounds. Neuropharmacology 96:205-12
Hunter, Sharon K; Gillow, Sabreena J; Ross, Randal G (2015) Stability of P50 auditory sensory gating during sleep from infancy to 4 years of age. Brain Cogn 94:4-9

Showing the most recent 10 out of 58 publications