This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. Two large scale nonhuman primate (NHP) efficacy studies have convincingly demonstrated that CMV/SIV vectors can 1) re-infect CMV-seropositive rhesus macaques (RM), 2) during re-infection, elicit potent and persistent SIV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses with a strong """"""""effector memory bias"""""""", and 3) protect ~50% of vaccinated RM from progressive SIV infection after limiting dose rectal challenge with the highly pathogenic, CCR5-tropic SIVmac239 virus. The protection manifested in these RM is distinct from previous vaccines in its abruptness and extent, with protected RM manifesting a viral burst in plasma of varying size upon initial infection, followed by immediate control to undetectable levels. Protection correlates with the extent of total SIV-specific CD8+ T cells generation during the vaccine phase, and is stable in the vast majority of protected RM for at least 6 months. These data indicate a novel pattern of protection consistent with very early control, likely taking place in the site of viral entry and/or early sites of viral replication and amplification, and mediated by tissue-resident TEM. To date, our efficacy trials have studied CMV vectors that were systemically administered via subcutaneous inoculation. We have, however, demonstrated that oral inoculation of these vectors can also initiate re-infection of CMV-seropositive RM, and elicit robust SIV-specific T cell immunity. We hypothesize that oral inoculation of CMV vectors, and initial induction of vaccine-generated SIV-specific T cells in a mucosal milieu, might change the character of the resultant SIV-specific TEM, perhaps increasing their representation and function in mucosal sites, and potentially increase the efficacy of these vaccines in protecting against mucosal challenge. In the proposed project we will compare in detail the phenotypic, migratory, functional and gene expression properties of SIV-specific T cells elicited by CMV vectors via systemic vs oral route, and determine whether oral inoculation provides enhanced protection against limiting dose, intra-rectal SIVmac239 challenge.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Primate Research Center Grants (P51)
Project #
5P51RR000163-52
Application #
8357864
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-CM-8 (01))
Project Start
2011-05-01
Project End
2012-04-30
Budget Start
2011-05-01
Budget End
2012-04-30
Support Year
52
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$194,877
Indirect Cost
Name
Oregon Health and Science University
Department
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
096997515
City
Portland
State
OR
Country
United States
Zip Code
97239
Su, Weiping; Foster, Scott C; Xing, Rubing et al. (2017) CD44 Transmembrane Receptor and Hyaluronan Regulate Adult Hippocampal Neural Stem Cell Quiescence and Differentiation. J Biol Chem 292:4434-4445
Lima, Fernanda B; Leite, Cristiane M; Bethea, Cynthia L et al. (2017) Progesterone increased ?-endorphin innervation of the locus coeruleus, but ovarian steroids had no effect on noradrenergic neurodegeneration. Brain Res 1663:1-8
Slayden, Ov Daniel (2016) Translational In Vivo Models for Women's Health: The Nonhuman Primate Endometrium--A Predictive Model for Assessing Steroid Receptor Modulators. Handb Exp Pharmacol 232:191-202
Chadderdon, S M; Belcik, J T; Bader, L et al. (2016) Vasoconstrictor eicosanoids and impaired microvascular function in inactive and insulin-resistant primates. Int J Obes (Lond) 40:1600-1603
Dufour, Brett D; McBride, Jodi L (2016) Intravascular AAV9 Administration for Delivering RNA Silencing Constructs to the CNS and Periphery. Methods Mol Biol 1364:261-75
Meyer, Thomas J; Held, Ulrike; Nevonen, Kimberly A et al. (2016) The Flow of the Gibbon LAVA Element Is Facilitated by the LINE-1 Retrotransposition Machinery. Genome Biol Evol 8:3209-3225
Pleil, Kristen E; Helms, Christa M; Sobus, Jon R et al. (2016) Effects of chronic alcohol consumption on neuronal function in the non-human primate BNST. Addict Biol 21:1151-1167
Mohiuddin, Muhammad M; Singh, Avneesh K; Corcoran, Philip C et al. (2016) Chimeric 2C10R4 anti-CD40 antibody therapy is critical for long-term survival of GTKO.hCD46.hTBM pig-to-primate cardiac xenograft. Nat Commun 7:11138
Sylwester, Andrew; Nambiar, Kate Z; Caserta, Stefano et al. (2016) A new perspective of the structural complexity of HCMV-specific T-cell responses. Mech Ageing Dev 158:14-22
Laws, L H; Parker, C E; Cherala, G et al. (2016) Inflammation Causes Resistance to Anti-CD20-Mediated B Cell Depletion. Am J Transplant 16:3139-3149

Showing the most recent 10 out of 481 publications