This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. At the present time, no vaccines to prevent infection with HCV are available and the epidemic continues unabated worldwide. The objectives of this study are to develop a candidate HCV vaccine consisting of HCV-like particles and to evaluate the immunogenicity of the vaccine in the chimpanzee model. HCV subtypes 1b and 1a are being titrate in four chimpanzees to provide a standardized inoculum for vaccine challenge dose. Of the three animals inoculated with subtype 1b, one has resisted infection, and the remaining two have developed chronic infections. T cell responses in all three animals are being evaluated to understand the difference in the outcome of the infection and to delineate the role of T cells in protective immunity against HCV infection. The remaining animal has been inoculated with subtype 1a and is being monitored for evidence of infection. Two chronically infected animals are being utilized to determine whether a pool of human monoclonal anti-HCV antibodies is capable of clearing chronic infection. The animals were treated with 5 mg/kg dose of the antibody preparation and their virological and immunological status are being monitored. An additional four HCV na?ve chimpanzees were immunized with HCV-VLP vaccine formulated with adjuvants and immunostimulatory complexes. The vaccinated animals have been challenged with infectious HCV to determine the efficacy of the vaccine preventing infection.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Primate Research Center Grants (P51)
Project #
5P51RR013986-13
Application #
8357642
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-CM-8 (01))
Project Start
2011-05-01
Project End
2012-04-30
Budget Start
2011-05-01
Budget End
2012-04-30
Support Year
13
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$9,025
Indirect Cost
Name
Texas Biomedical Research Institute
Department
Type
DUNS #
007936834
City
San Antonio
State
TX
Country
United States
Zip Code
78245
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Morosco, Danielle T; Cline, Curtis R; Owston, Michael A et al. (2017) Spontaneous mediastinal myeloid sarcoma in a common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) and review of the veterinary literature. J Med Primatol 46:42-47
Muralimanoharan, Sribalasubashini; Li, Cun; Nakayasu, Ernesto S et al. (2017) Sexual dimorphism in the fetal cardiac response to maternal nutrient restriction. J Mol Cell Cardiol 108:181-193
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Neidig, Lauren E; Owston, Michael A; Ball, Erin et al. (2016) Pauci-immune glomerulonephritis in a captive chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes), and a review of spontaneous cases in animals. J Med Primatol 45:336-341
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Schlabritz-Loutsevitch, Natalia; Gygax, Scott E; Dick Jr, Edward et al. (2016) Vaginal Dysbiosis from an Evolutionary Perspective. Sci Rep 6:26817
Ákos Szabó, C; Salinas, Felipe S; Li, Karl et al. (2016) Modeling the effective connectivity of the visual network in healthy and photosensitive, epileptic baboons. Brain Struct Funct 221:2023-33
Schlabritz-Loutsevitch, Natalia E; Comuzzie, Anthony G; Mahaney, Michael M et al. (2016) Serum Vitamin D Concentrations in Baboons (Papio spp.) during Pregnancy and Obesity. Comp Med 66:137-42
Bauer, Cassondra; Harrison, Tara (2016) Retrospective Analysis of the Incidence of Retained Placenta in 3 Large Colonies of NHP. Comp Med 66:143-9

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