While there is scientific evidence that Latino parents exert a significant impact on their adolescents'sexual decision-making, these parents tend to evade such communication. Media has proved effective in increasing awareness and effecting cultural and behavioral change in public health interventions. Yet, general mass media campaigns focused on increasing mother-child communication about sexuality have not yet reached specifically Spanish-speaking Puerto Rican mothers. We propose a participatory action research methodology in order to address the limited Puerto Rican mother-child communication about sexuality. Our approach utilizes a community collaboration with the Puerto Rican Cultural Center Inc. (PRCC), Spanish local media outlets, and Puerto Rican parents to address disparities in Puerto Rican youth health outcomes such as teen pregnancy, HIV, and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). It proposes to develop and evaluate a mass media campaign that integrates existing scientific knowledge with local community and cultural factors.
Our specific aims seek (1) to establish a Community Advisory Committee to inform the planning, implementation and evaluation of the research project;(2) to conduct a baseline survey to identify factors contributing to Puerto Rican mother-child communication about sexuality and sexual health protection;(3) to conduct a Spanish media campaign designed to increase awareness about the role of mother-child communication in the protection against unplanned teen pregnancy, HIV, and STIs;(4) to evaluate the effectiveness of PSAs delivered through Spanish radio, and reinforced by Spanish TV and newspapers on mother's awareness, attitudes, and behaviors associated with mother-child communication about sexuality and sexual health protection, and (5) to disseminate the study's findings to community members and organizations in ways that enable them to enhance their ability to create changes in the Puerto Rican community. Our hypothesis is that the PSAs will result in increased awareness among Puerto Rican mothers with children 5 to 19 years old.

Public Health Relevance

If effective, the proposed intervention will potentially contribute to decrease teen pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections, such as HIV in Latino/a adolescents. Such an outcome would have a profound effect upon the structure of their lives in the future, enhancing their ability to pursue education and careers while decreasing the societal cost of teen pregnancy and STIs.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
Type
Comprehensive Center (P60)
Project #
1P60MD006912-01
Application #
8354771
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZMD1-RN (02))
Project Start
2012-06-14
Project End
2017-01-31
Budget Start
2012-06-14
Budget End
2013-01-31
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$206,281
Indirect Cost
$70,250
Name
University of Massachusetts Medical School Worcester
Department
Type
DUNS #
603847393
City
Worcester
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
01655
Soni, Apurv; Fahey, Nisha; Byatt, Nancy et al. (2016) Association of common mental disorder symptoms with health and healthcare factors among women in rural western India: results of a cross-sectional survey. BMJ Open 6:e010834
Plummer, Deborah L; Stone, Rosalie Torres; Powell, Lauren et al. (2016) Patterns of Adult Cross-Racial Friendships: A Context for Understanding Contemporary Race Relations. Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol :
Silfee, Valerie J; Rosal, Milagros C; Sreedhara, Meera et al. (2016) Neighborhood environment correlates of physical activity and sedentary behavior among Latino adults in Massachusetts. BMC Public Health 16:966
Powell, Lauren R; Ojukwu, Elizabeth; Person, Sharina D et al. (2016) Psychometric Development of the Research and Knowledge Scale (RaKS). Med Care :
Granberry, Phillip J; Torres, María Idalí; Allison, Jeroan J et al. (2016) Developing Research and Community Literacies to Recruit Latino Researchers and Practitioners to Address Health Disparities. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 3:138-44
Soni, Apurv; Amin, Amee; Patel, Dipen V et al. (2016) The presence of physician champions improved Kangaroo Mother Care in rural western India. Acta Paediatr 105:e390-5
Rosal, Milagros C; Haughton, Christina F; Estabrook, Barbara B et al. (2016) Fresh Start, a postpartum weight loss intervention for diverse low-income women: design and methods for a randomized clinical trial. BMC Public Health 16:953
Nobel, Lisa; Roblin, Douglas W; Becker, Edmund R et al. (2016) Index of cardiometabolic health: a new method of measuring allostatic load using electronic health records. Biomarkers :1-9
Soni, Apurv; Earon, Allison; Handorf, Anna et al. (2016) High Burden of Unrecognized Atrial Fibrillation in Rural India: An Innovative Community-Based Cross-Sectional Screening Program. JMIR Public Health Surveill 2:e159
Hayman, Laura L; Worel, Jane Nelson (2016) Reducing Disparities in Cardiovascular Health: Social Determinants Matter. J Cardiovasc Nurs 31:288-90

Showing the most recent 10 out of 23 publications