My long-term goal is to obtain a faculty position at a research university so that I can continue to independently investigate how environmental estrogens affect humans. The short-term goal is to determine if environmental estrogens are able to alter vertebrate genomes. My immediate goal is to develop the skills and training necessary, primarily array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and morpholino injection, to develop an independent research program using these approaches and skills. While the use of CGH is not a new technique, its use as a method of determining whether genomic changes are present between normal individuals has only recently been used. Dr. Lee pioneered this technique and under his mentorship at Brigham and Women's Hospital, and the highly collaborative, educational environment at Harvard Medical School, I will be allowed to learn and master its use. I fully believe that this is an ideal environment to advance my career and use this Award to become and independent investigator. Environmental estrogens are chemicals in the environment that alter or interact with native estrogen. These chemicals include a broad array of compounds from pesticides such as DDT, plasticizers such as bisphenol A and pharmaceuticals such as human birth control pills (17?-ethynylestradiol;EE2). Despite their relevance in the environment and known and suspected effects on humans and animals, no studies have been done to determine whether these chemicals induce genomic level changes. The purpose of this study is to determine whether environmentally relevant concentrations of EE2 are able to induce genomic level changes using the model organism zebrafish. Genomic changes will be determined as the induction of spontaneous, or de novo, changes in copy number variation. Additional studies will be performed to determine how spontaneous CNVs arise and evaluate how EE2 alters or impairs the DNA repair mechanisms that are designed to prevent such changes.

Public Health Relevance

Environmental estrogens are found in surface and ground waters worldwide and are known to have significant affects on wildlife and potentially human health. Whether or not these chemicals can alter vertebrate genomes is currently unknown. This project will determine if these chemicals can alter vertebrate genomes and have the potential to impact human health through the initiation and progression of disease.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Research Transition Award (R00)
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Special Emphasis Panel (NSS)
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Chadwick, Lisa
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Portland State University
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Faber-Hammond, Joshua J; Brown, Kim H (2016) Pseudo-De Novo Assembly and Analysis of Unmapped Genome Sequence Reads in Wild Zebrafish Reveal Novel Gene Content. Zebrafish 13:95-102
Faber-Hammond, Joshua J; Brown, Kim H (2016) Anchored pseudo-de novo assembly of human genomes identifies extensive sequence variation from unmapped sequence reads. Hum Genet 135:727-40
Faber-Hammond, Joshua J; Phillips, Ruth B; Brown, Kim H (2015) Comparative Analysis of the Shared Sex-Determination Region (SDR) among Salmonid Fishes. Genome Biol Evol 7:1972-87
Chen, Eleanor Y; Dobrinski, Kimberly P; Brown, Kim H et al. (2013) Cross-species array comparative genomic hybridization identifies novel oncogenic events in zebrafish and human embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. PLoS Genet 9:e1003727