Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is a potentially curative therapy for various hematological diseases. However, many patients who could potentially benefit from HCT have been ineligible for the procedure due to comorbidities and age. With the development of reduced-intensity regimens and improvements in supportive care after myeloablative HCT, increasing numbers of elderly patients and those with comorbidities have been offered allogeneic HCT. I have published the first report describing the importance of comorbidities in predicting HCT outcomes. I then went on to develop a more sensitive new tool to assess comorbidities specific for recipients of allogeneic HCT. The HCT-specific-comorbidity index (HCTCI) served to better understand the impact of comorbidities on HCT outcomes and it forms the basis for this proposal. This proposal is focused on further evaluating and developing the prognostic value of comorbidities for outcomes in HCT recipients with the eventual aim of creating a universally applicable comorbidity index. During the Mentored Phase, I have collected data from 3331 patients transplanted at five institutions and confirmed the multi-center validity of the HCT-CI. I also demonstrated lack of impact of age on nonmyeloablatlve HCT outcomes but higher risks for mortality among patients of >50 years given myeloablative regimens. Scores weighting the impact of age intervals on HCT outcomes were added to the HCT-CI to form composite scores. Results of these studies have guided me to proceed into the Independent Phase, which will address three parallel major aims. First, I will test homogeneity of outcome prediction per the HCT-CI across institutions and validation ofthe predictive impacts ofthe HCT-CI/age scores of outcomes in a large dataset (n=15,000) of patients from the Center of International Blood and Marrow Transplantation Research (CIBMTR). Second, I will assess the biological impact of comorbidities on causes of death, particularly those associated with acute graft-versus-host-disease and organ failures, and on quality of life after HCT using the HCT-CI/age scores as well as individual comorbidity burden. This will involve both retrospective reviews of medical records of previously transplanted patients and analyses of prospective clinical trials to include larger number of patients and to ensure prospective reproducibility of the impacts of comorbidities. Third, I will prospectively investigate three different methods for simplifying collection of comorbidity data and develop an educational program for evaluation of comorbidities by data registrars and, thereby, facilitate the more wide-spread incorporation of comorbidity assessment at HCT centers.
A universally-applicable reproducible health assessment measure would improve decision-making for patients with malignant and non-malignant blood disorders who are treated with allogeneic HCT, which will eventually improve their survival and quality of life. Our improved understanding of comorbidity impact will facilitate comparing results of clinical trials conducted at different academic centers and aid in the generation of future clinical trials.
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|Green, Margaret L; Leisenring, Wendy; Xie, Hu et al. (2016) Cytomegalovirus viral load and mortality after haemopoietic stem cell transplantation in the era of pre-emptive therapy: a retrospective cohort study. Lancet Haematol 3:e119-27|
|Graf, Solomon A; Vaughn, Jennifer E; Chauncey, Thomas R et al. (2016) Comorbidities, Alcohol Use Disorder, and Age Predict Outcomes after Autologous Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Lymphoma. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 22:1582-7|
|Cassaday, Ryan D; Alan Potts Jr, D; Stevenson, Philip A et al. (2016) Evaluation of allogeneic transplantation in first or later minimal residual disease - negative remission following adult-inspired therapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Leuk Lymphoma 57:2109-18|
|Walter, R B; Gyurkocza, B; Storer, B E et al. (2015) Comparison of minimal residual disease as outcome predictor for AML patients in first complete remission undergoing myeloablative or nonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. Leukemia 29:137-44|
|Vaughn, Jennifer E; Storer, Barry E; Armand, Philippe et al. (2015) Design and Validation of an Augmented Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation-Comorbidity Index Comprising Pretransplant Ferritin, Albumin, and Platelet Count for Prediction of Outcomes after Allogeneic Transplantation. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 21:1418-24|
|Walter, Roland B; Sandmaier, Brenda M; Storer, Barry E et al. (2015) Number of courses of induction therapy independently predicts outcome after allogeneic transplantation for acute myeloid leukemia in first morphological remission. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 21:373-8|
|Vaughn, Jennifer E; Gooley, Ted; Maziarz, Richard T et al. (2015) Pre-transplant comorbidity burden and post-transplant chronic graft-versus-host disease. Br J Haematol 171:411-6|
|Vaughn, Jennifer E; Sorror, Mohamed L; Storer, Barry E et al. (2015) Long-term sustained disease control in patients with mantle cell lymphoma with or without active disease after treatment with allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation after nonmyeloablative conditioning. Cancer 121:3709-16|
|ElSawy, Mahmoud; Storer, Barry E; Pulsipher, Michael A et al. (2015) Multi-centre validation of the prognostic value of the haematopoietic cell transplantation- specific comorbidity index among recipient of allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation. Br J Haematol 170:574-83|
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