Recent FDA approval of acamprosate (Campral(r)) and long-acting injectable naltrexone (Vivitrol(r)) has given alcohol treatment providers and their patients'new treatment options in addition to existing pharmacotherapies and psychosocial counseling techniques for the treatment of alcohol dependence. In addition, the evidence base continues to accumulate for a number of counseling techniques such as motivational interviewing and contingency management, and manualized approaches are being developed and disseminated. Coupled with these developments in treatment "technologies" is an ever-increasing emphasis by states and payers on the use of evidence-based practices. Together, these factors are beginning to influence changes in the content of treatment services. However, there remain significant concerns about the effective dissemination of these evidence-based treatment techniques and the elimination of the "research to practice gap" that characterizes much of the addiction treatment field. There are few mechanisms to measure the effectiveness of various dissemination strategies, the extent of adoption of evidence-based innovations, and the fidelity with which those techniques are implemented in diverse, real-world treatment settings. Moreover, there is scant research on the organizational, staffing, and environmental factors that facilitate or impede the diffusion, adoption, and implementation of evidence-based behavioral and pharmacological approaches to alcoholism treatment. The economic disincentives to integrating new practices in treatment organizations and counselor repertoires likewise require study. To address these needs, we propose a longitudinal data collection effort with N=400 alcohol treatment centers from which related data were collected in 2001-2006. Longitudinal data in hand provide a valuable baseline against which to monitor future adoption behaviors of existing techniques, diffusion of emerging treatment innovations, and discontinuation of previously-used methods. Because the baseline data include a period of time before the approval of acamprosate and Vivitrol, this study would offer a unique opportunity to monitor past, present, and future adoption of these medications specifically, and related treatment strategies more generally.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01AA015974-05
Application #
8299987
Study Section
Health Services Research Review Subcommittee (AA)
Program Officer
Lowman, Cherry
Project Start
2008-07-10
Project End
2014-06-30
Budget Start
2012-07-01
Budget End
2014-06-30
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$571,843
Indirect Cost
$152,400
Name
University of Georgia
Department
Social Sciences
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
004315578
City
Athens
State
GA
Country
United States
Zip Code
30602
Knudsen, Hannah K; Roman, Paul M (2016) The Diffusion of Acamprosate for the Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder: Results From a National Longitudinal Study. J Subst Abuse Treat 62:62-7
Edmond, Mary B; Aletraris, Lydia; Roman, Paul M et al. (2016) The United States' Federal Parity Act and treatment of substance use disorders: Administrators' familiarity and perceptions of impact. Int J Drug Policy 34:80-7
Aletraris, Lydia; Edmond, Mary Bond; Paino, Maria et al. (2016) Counselor training and attitudes toward pharmacotherapies for opioid use disorder. Subst Abus 37:47-53
Knudsen, Hannah K; Roman, Paul M (2016) Service delivery and pharmacotherapy for alcohol use disorder in the era of health reform: Data from a national sample of treatment organizations. Subst Abus 37:230-7
Paino, Maria; Aletraris, Lydia; Roman, Paul (2016) The Relationship Between Client Characteristics and Wraparound Services in Substance Use Disorder Treatment Centers. J Stud Alcohol Drugs 77:160-9
Knudsen, Hannah K; Roman, Paul M (2015) Innovation attributes and adoption decisions: perspectives from leaders of a national sample of addiction treatment organizations. J Subst Abuse Treat 49:1-7
Edmond, Mary Bond; Aletraris, Lydia; Paino, Maria et al. (2015) Treatment strategy profiles in substance use disorder treatment programs: A latent class analysis. Drug Alcohol Depend 153:109-15
Paino, Maria; Aletraris, Lydia; Roman, Paul M (2015) Organizational Predictors and Use of Evidence-Based Practices in Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment. Subst Abus 36:462-9
Edmond, Mary Bond; Aletraris, Lydia; Roman, Paul M (2015) Rural substance use treatment centers in the United States: an assessment of treatment quality by location. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse :1-9
Aletraris, Lydia; Bond Edmond, Mary; Roman, Paul M (2015) Adoption of injectable naltrexone in U.S. substance use disorder treatment programs. J Stud Alcohol Drugs 76:143-51

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