Subclinical thyroid dysfunction, defined as an abnormal thyroid stimulating hormone level with a normal free thyroxine level, is common in older individuals. A wide variety of systemic effects are possible from disturbances in thyroid hormone status, due to the location of thyroid hormone receptors throughout the body and the important role that thyroid hormone plays in metabolism. The appropriate clinical management of subclinical thyroid dysfunction is controversial, in large part due to major limitations in the published observational studies and a lack of data from large randomized clinical trials. Our central hypothesis is that older individuals with persistent subclinical hyperthyroidism are at increased risk for specific adverse cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and neurocognitive outcomes, whereas those with persistent subclinical hypothyroidism are not. We propose to conduct analyses using banked blood and existing outcome data over a 19-year follow-up period in the Cardiovascular Health Study, an established, NIH-sponsored longitudinal study of community-dwelling men and women aged 65 and over. In our first aim, we will examine natural history of thyroid function testing in this population. In our second aim, we will examine the relationship between persistent subclinical hyperthyroidism and incident atrial fibrillation, hip fracture, and dementia, and in our third aim, we will examine the relationship between persistent subclinical hypothyroidism and incident coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, and dementia. Thyroid hormones are the seventh most commonly prescribed drugs in the US, and frequently are not appropriately monitored. In our fourth aim, we will define the frequency and adverse consequences of overreplacement with thyroid hormone therapy in an older population. We will examine the same outcomes as in aim 2, to ascertain whether the effects of endogenous and exogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism are similar. By the end of the proposed study period, we will have assembled sufficient data to guide clinical management of both endogenous and exogenous subclinical thyroid dysfunction and to refine the target population and overall design of randomized, controlled clinical trials of therapy for subclinical thyroid dysfunction. This research will resolve several areas of intense controversy in the field and set the stage for definitive guidelines for management of subclinical thyroid dysfunction.
Subclinical thyroid dysfunction, defined as high or low thyroid stimulating hormone levels with normal free thyroid hormone levels, is common in older people. However, once these testing abnormalities are discovered, there is controversy regarding appropriate management. Our findings will assess the anticipated risks and benefits of treatment using existing data, to refine the target population for a clinical trial.
|Chaker, Layal; Baumgartner, Christine; den Elzen, Wendy P J et al. (2016) Thyroid Function Within the Reference Range and the Risk of Stroke: An Individual Participant Data Analysis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 101:4270-4282|
|Cappola, Anne R; Arnold, Alice M; Wulczyn, Kendra et al. (2015) Thyroid function in the euthyroid range and adverse outcomes in older adults. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 100:1088-96|
|Ã…svold, BjÃ¸rn O; Vatten, Lars J; BjÃ¸ro, Trine et al. (2015) Thyroid function within the normal range and risk of coronary heart disease: an individual participant data analysis of 14 cohorts. JAMA Intern Med 175:1037-47|
|Chaker, Layal; Baumgartner, Christine; den Elzen, Wendy P J et al. (2015) Subclinical Hypothyroidism and the Risk of Stroke Events and Fatal Stroke: An Individual Participant Data Analysis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 100:2181-91|
|Garin, Margaret C; Arnold, Alice M; Lee, Jennifer S et al. (2014) Subclinical thyroid dysfunction and hip fracture and bone mineral density in older adults: the cardiovascular health study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 99:2657-64|
|Collet, Tinh-Hai; Bauer, Douglas C; Cappola, Anne R et al. (2014) Thyroid antibody status, subclinical hypothyroidism, and the risk of coronary heart disease: an individual participant data analysis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 99:3353-62|
|Garin, Margaret C; Arnold, Alice M; Lee, Jennifer S et al. (2014) Subclinical hypothyroidism, weight change, and body composition in the elderly: the Cardiovascular Health Study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 99:1220-6|
|Hyland, Kristen A; Arnold, Alice M; Lee, Jennifer S et al. (2013) Persistent subclinical hypothyroidism and cardiovascular risk in the elderly: the cardiovascular health study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 98:533-40|
|Yasar, Sevil; Xia, Jin; Yao, Wenliang et al. (2013) Antihypertensive drugs decrease risk of Alzheimer disease: Ginkgo Evaluation of Memory Study. Neurology 81:896-903|
|Waring, Avantika C; Arnold, Alice M; Newman, Anne B et al. (2012) Longitudinal changes in thyroid function in the oldest old and survival: the cardiovascular health study all-stars study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 97:3944-50|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 15 publications