Alveolar macrophages have a fundamental role in regulating the innate host response in host defense against infection. However, there are also circumstances where chronic inflammation and fibrosis persist in the absence of infection. We have found that the extracellular matrix glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan (HA) is a critical regulator of lung injury, inflammation and fibrosis. We have found that HA fragments mediate lung inflammation by interacting with Toll-like receptors 2 and 4 on macrophages to produce inflammatory chemokines in a manner that depends upon the intracellular adaptor protein MyD88. In addition, we have made the unexpected observation that high molecular mass HA on the cell surface of lung epithelial cells is protective against non-infectious lung injury in a TLR2/4/MyD88 manner that appears to involve the constitutive activation of NF-?B. These data suggest that the TLR2/4-MyD88 pathway is a critical regulator of non-infectious lung inflammation through distinct mechanisms on macrophages and epithelial cells. We have also made the observation that TLR4 is protective against lung fibrosis by a mechanism that may involve a MyD88-independent pathway. Collectively, these data have led us to the hypothesis that extracellular matrix has a fundamental role in regulating lung injury, inflammation and repair by distinct interactions with TLRs on infiltrating macrophages and parenchymal epithelial cells. We will test this hypothesis in the following Specific Aims: 1. Define the role of MyD88 signaling in lung epithelial cells and macrophages in regulating non- infectious lung injury and repair using gene targeted mice that only express MyD88 in either the lung epithelium or in tissue macrophages. 2. Characterize the mechanisms of exaggerated fibrogenesis in the absence of TLR4 signaling following non-infectious lung injury. 3. Define the mechanisms by which hyaluronan-TLR interactions maintain alveolar homeostasis in response to non-infectious lung injury.

Public Health Relevance

. Chronic lung inflammation contributes to significant morbidity in lung diseases such as pulmonary fibrosis, asthma and COPD. This grant proposal is to find to treatments for lung inflammation by understanding how injured lung tissue causes chronic lung inflammation.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Research Project (R01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Lung Cellular, Molecular, and Immunobiology Study Section (LCMI)
Program Officer
Davidson, Wendy F
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Duke University
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
United States
Zip Code
Liang, Jiurong; Jung, Yoosun; Tighe, Robert M et al. (2012) A macrophage subpopulation recruited by CC chemokine ligand-2 clears apoptotic cells in noninfectious lung injury. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 302:L933-40
Jiang, Dianhua; Liang, Jiurong; Guo, Rishu et al. (2012) Long-term exposure of chemokine CXCL10 causes bronchiolitis-like inflammation. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 46:592-8
Lin, Rui; Degan, Simone; Theriot, Barbara S et al. (2012) Chronic treatment in vivo with ýý-adrenoceptor agonists induces dysfunction of airway ýý(2) -adrenoceptors and exacerbates lung inflammation in mice. Br J Pharmacol 165:2365-77
Aono, Yoshinori; Ledford, Julie G; Mukherjee, Sambuddho et al. (2012) Surfactant protein-D regulates effector cell function and fibrotic lung remodeling in response to bleomycin injury. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 185:525-36
Tighe, Robert M; Li, Zhuowei; Potts, Erin N et al. (2011) Ozone inhalation promotes CX3CR1-dependent maturation of resident lung macrophages that limit oxidative stress and inflammation. J Immunol 187:4800-8
Liang, Jiurong; Jiang, Dianhua; Jung, Yoosun et al. (2011) Role of hyaluronan and hyaluronan-binding proteins inýýhuman asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol 128:403-411.e3
Jiang, Dianhua; Liang, Jiurong; Noble, Paul W (2011) Hyaluronan as an immune regulator in human diseases. Physiol Rev 91:221-64
Li, Yuejuan; Jiang, Dianhua; Liang, Jiurong et al. (2011) Severe lung fibrosis requires an invasive fibroblast phenotype regulated by hyaluronan and CD44. J Exp Med 208:1459-71
Jiang, Dianhua; Liang, Jiurong; Campanella, Gabriele S et al. (2010) Inhibition of pulmonary fibrosis in mice by CXCL10 requires glycosaminoglycan binding and syndecan-4. J Clin Invest 120:2049-57
Jiang, Dianhua; Liang, Jiurong; Noble, Paul W (2010) Regulation of non-infectious lung injury, inflammation, and repair by the extracellular matrix glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan. Anat Rec (Hoboken) 293:982-5

Showing the most recent 10 out of 11 publications