The female genital mucosa is a major route of infection for HIV. This proposal will address significant gaps in knowledge regarding T cell immunobiology within the female reproductive tract. Fundamental issues, including memory CD8 and CD4 T cell differentiation, maintenance, trafficking, function, and contribution to protection will be addressed in a high-throughput tractable mouse model. Ex vivo analyses of memory T cell differentiation state, and function will be complemented by static and intravital imaging to yield a more complete anatomic picture of T cell immunobiology and APC/antigen trafficking within this complex organ system. Mechanisms underlying recently discovered functions of local memory T cells, including the ability to potentiate rapid peripheral T cell recruitment and activate the local innate immune system, will be defined. Memory T cell recirculation patterns through various compartments of the female reproductive tract will be defined by parabiosis. Contributions of local and peripheral memory T cell populations to protection against genital viral re-challenge will be assessed. These investigations will inform the development of T cell vaccines that rapidly intercept HIV upon exposure within the female reproductive tract by providing new insight into the regulation, function and protective mechanisms of cellular immunity at this site.

Public Health Relevance

The female genital mucosa is a major route of infection for HIV. This proposal will address significant gaps in knowledge regarding T cell immunobiology within the female reproductive tract. Fundamental issues, including memory CD8 and CD4 T cell differentiation, maintenance, trafficking, function, and contribution to protection will be addressed in a high-throughput tractable mouse model. These investigations will inform the development of T cell vaccines that rapidly intercept HIV upon exposure within the female reproductive tract by providing new insight into the regulation, function and protective mechanisms of cellular immunity at this site.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
1R01AI111671-01
Application #
8703487
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-LGR-I (J2))
Program Officer
Embry, Alan C
Project Start
2014-04-01
Project End
2019-03-31
Budget Start
2014-04-01
Budget End
2015-03-31
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$475,237
Indirect Cost
$157,706
Name
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Department
Microbiology/Immun/Virology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
555917996
City
Minneapolis
State
MN
Country
United States
Zip Code
55455
Schenkel, Jason M; Masopust, David (2014) Tissue-resident memory T cells. Immunity 41:886-97