This project aims to strengthen tobacco control policies by generating new knowledge of how the tobacco industry has adapted to and, in turn, shaped the global economy. Tobacco use kills around 5 million people annually worldwide, predicted to rise to 8 million by 2030 if current trends are not addressed. While stronger tobacco control measures have begun to be adopted by many countries, supported by the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, effective regulation of the tobacco industry at the national, regional and global levels has become more difficult to advance amid ongoing processes of globalization.
This research aims to understand the dual and dynamic relationship between the tobacco industry and globalization. Building on Phases I and II, it analyses how the industry has been affected by, and has adapted to, economic globalization;and conversely, how the global economy has been shaped by industry influences. This will be achieved by focusing on four key themes: (a) how the tobacco industry has sought to influence trade and investment policy at the national, regional and global levels, and how this has benefitted industry strategies to restructure and expand worldwide;(b) how the illicit tobacco trade has been a key component of broader corporate strategies to adapt to, shape and operate within an increasingly global economy;(c) how tobacco companies have restructured to further their interests within a global economy;and (d) how corporations should be governed within a global economy to ensure the protection and promotion of population health. Each theme will produce new analysis of strategically important activities, geographies, institutions and strategies. Carried out by a highy experience and multi-disciplinary project team, and supported by an Advisory Committee of leading international experts, the research will combine document-based research with key informant interviews. Document research will use on-line and on-site internal industry document collections that continue to grow in size and scope. This will be supplemented by customs records, trade/investment data, industry websites and grey literature. Key informant interviews will draw on the research team's worldwide network of contacts. Overall, the proposed research will conduct groundbreaking new research for meeting the public health challenges against tobacco-related diseases within an evolving global economy.
The global economy has facilitated the expansion of the tobacco industry worldwide through the development of new products, markets and corporate strategies. This expansion is expected to increase deaths from tobacco use annually, from 5 million in 2012 to 8 million in 2030. Stronger tobacco control policies have begun to be adopted by governments, supported by the World Health Organization, but effective regulation by individual countries, and collectively across countries, has become more difficult because of continuing processes of globalization. This research will generate new knowledge of tobacco industry activities and strategies within the changing global economy that, in turn, will inform th strengthening of tobacco control measures at the national, regional and global levels.
|Freeman, Becky; MacKenzie, Ross; Daube, Mike (2017) Should tobacco and alcohol companies be allowed to influence Australia's National Drug Strategy? Public Health Res Pract 27:|
|MacKenzie, Ross; Eckhardt, Jappe; Widyati Prastyani, Ade (2017) Japan Tobacco International: To 'be the most successful and respected tobacco company in the world'. Glob Public Health 12:281-299|
|Jawad, Mohammed; Darzi, Andrea; Lotfi, Tamara et al. (2017) Waterpipe product packaging and labelling at the 3rd international Hookah Fair; does it comply with Article 11 of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control? J Public Health Policy 38:303-313|
|Curran, Louise; Eckhardt, Jappe (2017) Smoke screen? The globalization of production, transnational lobbying and the international political economy of plain tobacco packaging. Rev Int Polit Econ 24:87-118|
|Curtis, Clifton; Novotny, Thomas E; Lee, Kelley et al. (2017) Tobacco industry responsibility for butts: a Model Tobacco Waste Act. Tob Control 26:113-117|
|Smith, Julia; Mallouris, Christoforos; Lee, Kelley et al. (2017) The Role of Civil Society Organizations in Monitoring the Global AIDS Response. AIDS Behav 21:44-50|
|Wallbank, Lucinda A; MacKenzie, Ross; Beggs, Paul J (2017) Environmental impacts of tobacco product waste: International and Australian policy responses. Ambio 46:361-370|
|LeGresley, Eric; Lee, Kelley (2017) Analysis of British American Tobacco's questionable use of privilege and protected document claims at the Guildford Depository. Tob Control 26:316-322|
|Scott, C; Hawkins, B; Knai, C (2017) Food and beverage product reformulation as a corporate political strategy. Soc Sci Med 172:37-45|
|Lee, Kelley; Eckhardt, Jappe (2017) Looming threat of Asian tobacco companies to global health. Lancet 389:1958-1960|
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