Despite its nearly preventable status, 13,000 new cases of invasive cervical cancer are diagnosed each year, with 4,600 deaths. While nationally, women have experienced a 75% reduction in cervical cancer mortality in the past 5 decades, rural Appalachian women continue to sustain low rates of Pap testing and disproportionately high cervical cancer rates. To reduce this cervical cancer burden experienced by middle aged and older Appalachian women, we propose to undertake a community participatory, tailored, faith based intervention entitled """"""""Faith Moves Mountains."""""""" While extensive literature has established the association between rural culture and religiosity, aside from programs involving African-American churches, surprisingly few scientifically based interventions have located disease prevention activities within the trusted, sustainable, rural religious institutions of rural Appalachia. To address this missed opportunity, this project will develop a random, stratified sample of 50 congregations with 600 participants to: (1) Examine the factors (both barriers and assets) that influence the use of Pap tests; (2) Administer a faith-based lay health advisor intervention that is community-participatory, theoretically informed, and culturally consistent; (3) Evaluate the efficacy of the intervention in a group-randomized experimental design. These 3 aims correspond to 3 phases, a developmental, ethnographically oriented phase; a community-participatory intervention phase; and a qualitative and quantitative evaluation phase. With a multidisciplinary team of social scientists, community leaders, physicians, and cancer control experts, the results from the proposed project will enable researchers and communities to better address the barriers that prevent rural women from receiving Pap tests and recommended follow-up care; draw on local community assets to promote the use of Pap tests; and establish a community-based model that can be extrapolated to other rural, underserved communities for cancer prevention.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
1R01CA108696-01
Application #
6808452
Study Section
Community-Level Health Promotion Study Section (CLHP)
Program Officer
Chollette, Veronica
Project Start
2004-09-01
Project End
2008-08-31
Budget Start
2004-09-01
Budget End
2005-08-31
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2004
Total Cost
$299,653
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Kentucky
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
939017877
City
Lexington
State
KY
Country
United States
Zip Code
40506
Studts, Christina R; Tarasenko, Yelena N; Schoenberg, Nancy E (2013) Barriers to cervical cancer screening among middle-aged and older rural Appalachian women. J Community Health 38:500-12
Schoenberg, Nancy E; Kruger, Tina M; Bardach, Shoshana et al. (2013) Appalachian women's perspectives on breast and cervical cancer screening. Rural Remote Health 13:2452
Studts, Christina R; Tarasenko, Yelena N; Schoenberg, Nancy E et al. (2012) A community-based randomized trial of a faith-placed intervention to reduce cervical cancer burden in Appalachia. Prev Med 54:408-14
Schoenberg, Nancy E; Howell, Britteny M; Fields, Nell (2012) Community strategies to address cancer disparities in Appalachian Kentucky. Fam Community Health 35:31-43
Hatcher, Jennifer; Studts, Christina R; Dignan, Mark B et al. (2011) Predictors of cervical cancer screening for rarely or never screened rural Appalachian women. J Health Care Poor Underserved 22:176-93
Drew, Elaine M; Schoenberg, Nancy E (2011) Deconstructing fatalism: ethnographic perspectives on women's decision making about cancer prevention and treatment. Med Anthropol Q 25:164-82
Leach, Corinne R; Schoenberg, Nancy E; Hatcher, Jennifer (2011) Factors associated with participation in cancer prevention and control studies among rural Appalachian women. Fam Community Health 34:119-25
Schoenberg, Nancy; Baltisberger, Julie; Bardach, Shoshana et al. (2010) Perspectives on Pap test follow-up care among rural Appalachian women. Women Health 50:580-97
Schoenberg, Nancy E; Hatcher, Jennifer; Dignan, Mark B et al. (2009) Faith Moves Mountains: an Appalachian cervical cancer prevention program. Am J Health Behav 33:627-38
Schoenberg, Nancy E; Hatcher, Jennifer; Dignan, Mark B (2008) Appalachian women's perceptions of their community's health threats. J Rural Health 24:75-83