Chronic clinical pain remains poorly treated. The use of mu opioid analgesics such as morphine can treat the pain, but the severe undesired effects of morphine and other mu agonists limit their use. Indeed, the rapid development of tolerance causes ever-increasing doses to be administered, increasing the severity of the undesired effects. Recent work has shown the coadministration of a delta opioid antagonist, together with morphine causes a slower build-up of tolerance than administration of morphine alone. Further, the use of a peptide with a dual profile of mu agonism/delta antagonism has been reported to give rise to little tolerance. Thus, the aim of the current research is to develop potent non-peptide mu agonists, which also possess a profile of delta antagonism. The orvinols (e.g. etorphine) are a class of potent mu opioid agonists that also interact with kappa and delta receptors, generally displaying delta agonism. Our hypothesis is that the delta efficacy of the orvinols can be reduced by the introduction of an aromatic group in a position that corresponds to the position of the indole in the indolomorphinans (e.g. naltrindole, oxymorphindole) or the benzylidene in the opioid benzylidenes (e.g. benzylidenenaltrexone (BNTX)), two important classes of low efficacy delta opioid ligands. By reducing delta efficacy, decreasing kappa affinity, and retaining high mu efficacy, analogs of the orvinols with the desired profile will result. The approach to be used consists of the development of a pharmacophore model of delta antagonism using a novel molecular modeling approach, and the selection of target molecules with a suitably positioned aromatic ring. The novel model will be tested through the synthesis of simple morphinans containing aromatics that satisfy the pharmacophore. Information garnered from the simple morphinans will be applied to the design and synthesis of the target 5,14-bridged morphinan based orvinols selected by the model. Novel chemical methodology will be developed and applied to the synthesis of the 6,14-bridged targets, analogs very closely related to the orvinols. The ultimate goal of this proposal is to develop potent mu opioid analgesics, to which tolerance develops slowly, or not at all, in order to reduce the undesired effects seen in the chronic treatment of clinical pain.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
1R01DA013583-01
Application #
6224820
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-SSS-Z (01))
Program Officer
Hillery, Paul
Project Start
2001-02-01
Project End
2006-01-31
Budget Start
2001-02-01
Budget End
2002-01-31
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2001
Total Cost
$220,325
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Maryland Baltimore
Department
Other Health Professions
Type
Schools of Pharmacy
DUNS #
003255213
City
Baltimore
State
MD
Country
United States
Zip Code
21201
Healy, Jason R; Bezawada, Padmavani; Griggs, Nicholas W et al. (2017) Benzylideneoxymorphone: A new lead for development of bifunctional mu/delta opioid receptor ligands. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 27:666-669
Healy, Jason R; Tonkin, Jennifer L; Kamarec, Stacey R et al. (2014) Evaluation of an improved sustained-release buprenorphine formulation for use in mice. Am J Vet Res 75:619-25
Nguyen, Linda; Robson, Matthew J; Healy, Jason R et al. (2014) Involvement of sigma-1 receptors in the antidepressant-like effects of dextromethorphan. PLoS One 9:e89985
Metcalf, Matthew D; Rosicky, Andrew D; Hassan, Hazem E et al. (2014) Opioids and efflux transporters. Part 4: influence of N-substitution on P-glycoprotein substrate activity of noroxymorphone analogues. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 24:3592-5
Shim, Jihyun; Coop, Andrew; MacKerell Jr, Alexander D (2013) Molecular details of the activation of the ? opioid receptor. J Phys Chem B 117:7907-17
Motel, William C; Healy, Jason R; Viard, Eddy et al. (2013) Chlorophenylpiperazine analogues as high affinity dopamine transporter ligands. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 23:6920-6922
Shim, Jihyun; Zhu, Xiao; Best, Robert B et al. (2013) (Ala)(4)-X-(Ala)4 as a model system for the optimization of the ?1 and ?2 amino acid side-chain dihedral empirical force field parameters. J Comput Chem 34:593-603
Motel, William C; Coop, Andrew; Cunningham, Christopher W (2013) Cholinergic modulation by opioid receptor ligands: potential application to Alzheimer's disease. Mini Rev Med Chem 13:456-66
Healy, Jason R; Bezawada, Padmavani; Shim, Jihyun et al. (2013) Synthesis, modeling, and pharmacological evaluation of UMB 425, a mixed ? agonist/? antagonist opioid analgesic with reduced tolerance liabilities. ACS Chem Neurosci 4:1256-66
Stavitskaya, Lidiya; Shim, Jihyun; Healy, Jason R et al. (2012) Deconstructing 14-phenylpropyloxymetopon: minimal requirements for binding to mu opioid receptors. Bioorg Med Chem 20:4556-63

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