This five-year competing renewal will assess the long-term effects of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention system. The CTC system is a strategy for mobilizing communities to use prevention science to plan and implement strategic community prevention services. Non-experimental evaluations of CTC suggest that it can assist communities to develop more effective prevention service systems and reduce adolescent health and behavior problems (Arthur et al., 2003;Feinberg et al., 2005;Harachi et al., 1996;Jensen et al., 1997). The current study is the first randomized controlled trial of CTC's efficacy. The CTC system is being implemented with fidelity in the intervention communities of the current study. The study is currently showing early effects on risk exposure and the initiation of delinquent behavior after three years of CTC implementation. The proposed renewal will assess the effects of CTC on key aspects of community prevention service systems and on adolescent drug use, delinquency, violence and risky sexual behaviors nine years after its initiation and four years after study-provided resources supporting CTC end.

Public Health Relevance

The Community Youth Development Study is an experimental test of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention planning system. It is designed to find out if communities that use the CTC system can improve the public health by reducing rates of adolescent drug use, delinquency, violence, and risky sexual behavior when compared to communities that do not use this approach.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Research Project (R01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Community-Level Health Promotion Study Section (CLHP)
Program Officer
Sims, Belinda E
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of Washington
Schools of Social Work
United States
Zip Code
Rhew, Isaac C; Monahan, Kathryn C; Oesterle, Sabrina et al. (2016) The Communities That Care Brief Depression Scale: Psychometric Properties and Criterion Validity. J Community Psychol 44:391-398
Rhew, Isaac C; Hawkins, J David; Murray, David M et al. (2016) Evaluation of Community-Level Effects of Communities That Care on Adolescent Drug Use and Delinquency Using a Repeated Cross-Sectional Design. Prev Sci 17:177-87
Monahan, Kathryn C; Booth-LaForce, Cathryn (2016) Deflected Pathways: Becoming Aggressive, Socially Withdrawn, or Prosocial with Peers During the Transition to Adolescence. J Res Adolesc 26:270-285
Gloppen, Kari M; Brown, Eric C; Wagenaar, Bradley H et al. (2016) Sustaining Adoption of Science-based Prevention Through Communities That Care. J Community Psychol 44:78-89
Shapiro, Valerie B; Hawkins, J David; Oesterle, Sabrina (2015) Building Local Infrastructure for Community Adoption of Science-Based Prevention: The Role of Coalition Functioning. Prev Sci 16:1136-46
Arthur, Michael W; Brown, Eric C; Briney, John S et al. (2015) Examination of Substance Use, Risk Factors, and Protective Factors on Student Academic Test Score Performance. J Sch Health 85:497-507
Kuklinski, Margaret R; Fagan, Abigail A; Hawkins, J David et al. (2015) Benefit-Cost Analysis of a Randomized Evaluation of Communities That Care: Monetizing Intervention Effects on the Initiation of Delinquency and Substance Use Through Grade 12. J Exp Criminol 11:165-192
Kim, B K Elizabeth; Gloppen, Kari M; Rhew, Isaac C et al. (2015) Effects of the communities that care prevention system on youth reports of protective factors. Prev Sci 16:652-62
Kim, B K Elizabeth; Oesterle, Sabrina; Hawkins, J David et al. (2015) Assessing Sustained Effects of Communities That Care on Youth Protective Factors. J Soc Social Work Res 6:565-589
Oesterle, Sabrina; Hawkins, J David; Kuklinski, Margaret R et al. (2015) Effects of Communities That Care on Males' and Females' Drug Use and Delinquency 9 Years After Baseline in a Community-Randomized Trial. Am J Community Psychol 56:217-28

Showing the most recent 10 out of 50 publications