The goal of this competing continuation project is to test models of the development and prevention of three inter-related antisocial problems in young adulthood: violence, substance abuse, and risky sexual behavior. Joint consideration of these three diverse problem domains holds promise because of the "syndemic" of parallel epidemics, comorbidity, similar epidemiology, and the possibility that isolated prevention efforts fail precisely because of the failure to consider joint effects. The investigators will test three major hypotheses: 1) these problems are comorbid across development, with early conduct problems leading to each adult outcome;2) a comorbid antisocial behavior pattern develops as a dynamic cascade, in which early risk factors dispose a child to later risk factors, which lead to problem outcomes. The model posits gene-environment interactions that are mediated through acquired social information-processing patterns. Domain-specific outcomes also develop through specific affordance experiences;and 3) random assignment to preventive intervention will reduce the probability of each of antisocial outcome in adulthood, with moderation by genetic and early-life factors and mediation by intervention effects on early conduct problems and social-cognitive patterns. The samples come from two independent, ongoing prospective studies of conduct disorder, the Child Development Project (CDP) and Fast Track (FT). The CDP has followed a community sample of 585 preschool males and females who are now 26 years old, with high (90 percent) retention after 22 years. The FT Project is a multi-site randomized clinical trial, in which 891 early-starting, conduct-problem youth (31 percent girls;51 percent African-American) were assigned in kindergarten to receive (or not) a 10-year comprehensive intervention to prevent conduct disorder and have been followed through age 24 with high (83 percent) retention of participants. In the proposed project, identical measures of violence, substance-use problems, and risky sexual behaviors will be assessed in the CDP through age 31 and in FT through age 29. Growth analyses, confirmatory factor analyses, and structural equation modeling will test hypotheses. Relevance to public health: This project will contribute to the discovery of ways to prevent young adult antisocial problems, including violence, substance abuse, and risky sexual behaviors.

Public Health Relevance

This project will increase our understanding of how problems of violence, substance abuse, and risky sexual behavior develop across the lifespan and relate to each other. It will test the efficacy of a long-term intervention to prevent these problems in young adulthood.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01DA016903-09
Application #
8294968
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-RPHB-A (02))
Program Officer
Lloyd, Jacqueline
Project Start
2003-09-20
Project End
2014-05-31
Budget Start
2012-07-01
Budget End
2013-06-30
Support Year
9
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$692,824
Indirect Cost
$245,914
Name
Duke University
Department
Miscellaneous
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
044387793
City
Durham
State
NC
Country
United States
Zip Code
27705
Sorensen, Lucy C; Dodge, Kenneth A; Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group (2016) How Does the Fast Track Intervention Prevent Adverse Outcomes in Young Adulthood? Child Dev 87:429-45
Lansford, Jennifer E; Dodge, Kenneth A; Pettit, Gregory S et al. (2016) A Public Health Perspective on School Dropout and Adult Outcomes: A Prospective Study of Risk and Protective Factors From Age 5 to 27 Years. J Adolesc Health 58:652-8
Pasalich, Dave S; Witkiewitz, Katie; McMahon, Robert J et al. (2016) Indirect Effects of the Fast Track Intervention on Conduct Disorder Symptoms and Callous-Unemotional Traits: Distinct Pathways Involving Discipline and Warmth. J Abnorm Child Psychol 44:587-97
Sasser, Tyler R; Kalvin, Carla B; Bierman, Karen L (2016) Developmental trajectories of clinically significant attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms from grade 3 through 12 in a high-risk sample: Predictors and outcomes. J Abnorm Psychol 125:207-19
Rabiner, David L; Carrig, Madeline M; Dodge, Kenneth A (2016) Attention Problems and Academic Achievement: Do Persistent and Earlier-Emerging Problems Have More Adverse Long-Term Effects? J Atten Disord 20:946-957
Hanson, Jamie L; Albert, Dustin; Iselin, Anne-Marie R et al. (2016) Cumulative stress in childhood is associated with blunted reward-related brain activity in adulthood. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 11:405-12
Petersen, Isaac T; Bates, John E; Dodge, Kenneth A et al. (2016) Identifying an efficient set of items sensitive to clinical-range externalizing problems in children. Psychol Assess 28:598-612
Okado, Yuko; Bierman, Karen L (2015) Differential risk for late adolescent conduct problems and mood dysregulation among children with early externalizing behavior problems. J Abnorm Child Psychol 43:735-47
Salvatore, Jessica E; Meyers, Jacquelyn L; Yan, Jia et al. (2015) Intergenerational continuity in parents' and adolescents' externalizing problems: The role of life events and their interaction with GABRA2. J Abnorm Psychol 124:709-28
Bierman, Karen L; Kalvin, Carla B; Heinrichs, Brenda S (2015) Early childhood precursors and adolescent sequelae of grade school peer rejection and victimization. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 44:367-79

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