Regulatory RNAs are important mediators of gene expression in eukaryotic cells. BC RNAs, a neuronal subtype of regulatory RNAs, are translational repressors that have been implicated in the control of local protein synthesis at the synapse. On-site translational control of gene expression is now seen as one of the major mechanisms underlying the long-term structural and functional plasticity of synaptic connections. A key requisite for the local translational control pathway in neurons is the selective delivery of various RNA components, in particular of regulatory RNAs, to diverse postsynaptic target sites within neuronal dendritic arborizations. How is such targeted delivery specified by RNAs, and how is it modulated by physiological stimuli and/or man-made drugs? In the research project proposed here, it is hypothesized that neuronal BC RNAs use architectural motifs to convey spatial information. It is suggested that such motifs specify differential destination sites in synapto-dendritic neuronal domains. It is the main objective of the present proposal to test this hypothesis by deciphering spatial information coding in neuronal BC RNAs. In the first part of the project, it is planned to conduct a functional dissection of differential dendritic targeting competence in BC RNAs. RNA motifs will be identified that direct constitutive and conditional dendritic targeting, respectively. The second part of the project will focus on modulation of RNA spatial coding in neurons. It is planned to establish whether dendritic RNA targeting mechanisms are subject to regulation by receptor stimulation, and whether man-made drugs impact and modulate these mechanisms. In summary, the planned research is directed at the physiological significance of spatial information coding in neuronal regulatory RNAs.

Public Health Relevance

Spatial information coding in neuronal npcRNAs, it is hypothesized, is a key prerequisite for local translational control mechanisms that are underlying long-term synaptic plasticity. The planned research is directed at mechanism and modulation of targeted npcRNA delivery to synapto-dendritic destination sites. A molecular understanding of spatial RNA coding in neurons will enable us to appreciate its relevance in neuronal plasticity, drug action, and human disease.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01DA026110-02
Application #
7851178
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZDA1-EXL-T (10))
Program Officer
Pollock, Jonathan D
Project Start
2009-07-01
Project End
2012-06-30
Budget Start
2010-07-01
Budget End
2012-06-30
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2010
Total Cost
$396,406
Indirect Cost
Name
Suny Downstate Medical Center
Department
Physiology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
040796328
City
Brooklyn
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
11203
Muslimov, Ilham A; Tuzhilin, Aliya; Tang, Thean Hock et al. (2014) Interactions of noncanonical motifs with hnRNP A2 promote activity-dependent RNA transport in neurons. J Cell Biol 205:493-510
Eom, Taesun; Muslimov, Ilham A; Tsokas, Panayiotis et al. (2014) Neuronal BC RNAs cooperate with eIF4B to mediate activity-dependent translational control. J Cell Biol 207:237-52
Iacoangeli, Anna; Tiedge, Henri (2013) Translational control at the synapse: role of RNA regulators. Trends Biochem Sci 38:47-55
Eom, Taesun; Berardi, Valerio; Zhong, Jun et al. (2011) Dual nature of translational control by regulatory BC RNAs. Mol Cell Biol 31:4538-49
Muslimov, Ilham A; Patel, Mihir V; Rose, Arthur et al. (2011) Spatial code recognition in neuronal RNA targeting: role of RNA-hnRNP A2 interactions. J Cell Biol 194:441-57
Iacoangeli, Anna; Bianchi, Riccardo; Tiedge, Henri (2010) Regulatory RNAs in brain function and disorders. Brain Res 1338:36-47