Psychopathy and substance abuse are severe, co-morbid clinical disorders associated with significant civil and criminal disruption. Significant strides have been made in understanding how substance abuse and psychopathy predict institutional behavior, criminal recidivism, and treatment outcome. However, little is understood in terms of the neurobiology of these two disorders and how they interact. Psychopathy and substance abuse are commonly associated with impaired decision-making in general, moral decision-making in particular. The purpose of the present proposal is to examine the common and unique neural systems associated with moral decision-making in psychopathy and substance abuse. Structural and functional imaging methods will be used to map the neural architecture associated with processing linguistic and picture based moral decision-making paradigms in male offenders stratified by psychopathy scores and substance abuse measures. This research will utilize a mobile MRI system that will be deployed to prison facilities to collect representative samples of offenders with psychopathy and substance abuse problems. Detailed analyses of this sample will enable us to delineate the neurocognitive systems associated with impaired moral decision-making in psychopathy and substance abuse. This research may have a direct impact on the development of cognitive behavioral therapies designed to treat these conditions.
The societal cost of crime is $1.33 Trillion per year or $4400 per every man, woman, and child in the United States. Mental health and addiction disorders are some of the most common conditions associated with criminal behavior. This proposal seeks to understand the brain systems associated with moral decision-making in male offenders with mental health and addiction problems. This research is designed to help reduce the burden of mental health, addiction, and crime in society.
|Fede, Samantha J; Harenski, Carla L; Schaich Borg, Jana et al. (2016) Abnormal fronto-limbic engagement in incarcerated stimulant users during moral processing. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 233:3077-87|
|Wolf, Richard C; Pujara, Maia S; Motzkin, Julian C et al. (2015) Interpersonal traits of psychopathy linked to reduced integrity of the uncinate fasciculus. Hum Brain Mapp 36:4202-9|
|Caldwell, Brendan M; Harenski, Carla L; Harenski, Keith A et al. (2015) Abnormal frontostriatal activity in recently abstinent cocaine users during implicit moral processing. Front Hum Neurosci 9:565|
|Walters, Glenn D; Ermer, Elsa; Knight, Raymond A et al. (2015) Paralimbic biomarkers in taxometric analyses of psychopathy: does changing the indicators change the conclusion? Personal Disord 6:41-52|
|Philippi, Carissa L; Pujara, Maia S; Motzkin, Julian C et al. (2015) Altered resting-state functional connectivity in cortical networks in psychopathy. J Neurosci 35:6068-78|
|Aharoni, Eyal; Mallett, Joshua; Vincent, Gina M et al. (2014) Predictive accuracy in the neuroprediction of rearrest. Soc Neurosci 9:332-6|
|Aharoni, Eyal; Sinnott-Armstrong, Walter; Kiehl, Kent A (2014) What's wrong? Moral understanding in psychopathic offenders. J Res Pers 53:175-181|
|Coffman, Brian A; Clark, Vincent P; Parasuraman, Raja (2014) Battery powered thought: enhancement of attention, learning, and memory in healthy adults using transcranial direct current stimulation. Neuroimage 85 Pt 3:895-908|
|Motzkin, Julian C; Baskin-Sommers, Arielle; Newman, Joseph P et al. (2014) Neural correlates of substance abuse: reduced functional connectivity between areas underlying reward and cognitive control. Hum Brain Mapp 35:4282-92|
|Pujara, Maia; Motzkin, Julian C; Newman, Joseph P et al. (2014) Neural correlates of reward and loss sensitivity in psychopathy. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 9:794-801|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 39 publications