The primary objectives of this research are to produce new data on prosodic aspects of speech after brain damage in patients who are native speakers of a tone language and, at the same time, address theoretical issues concerning the extent and nature of prosodic deficits in patients with unilateral left hemisphere lesions and patients with unilateral right hemisphere lesions. The language selected for investigation is Thai, the national language of Thailand. A series of experimental phonetic investigations of fundamental frequency and timing in Thai are proposed to contribute original data that not only bear on specific theoretical issues concerning the underlying structure and processing of language in the human brain, but also serve to fill a conspicuous gap in acoustic phonetic information about fundamental frequency and timing beyond monosyllabic citation forms in normal speech. As a whole, this series of experiments is designed to show (1) that some elements of prosody may be impaired while others are spared following damage to the human brain; (2) that the size of the temporal domain over which prosodic features are manifested is the critical variable that determines their susceptibility to disruption; and (3) that speech produced by patients with right hemisphere lesions is dysprosodic in emotional contexts only. The longer term objectives of this research program are (1) to provide a detailed, acoustical description of Fo and timing patterns in spontaneous and read speech of Thai-speaking patients with unilateral left and right hemisphere lesions, as well as other brain-damaged patients with subcortical lesions, (2) to provide information on the perception abilities of these brain -damaged patients with respect to linguistic contrasts in Thai mediated by Fo and timing, (3) to determine the relation between the production and perception abilities of these brain-damaged patients with respect to selected aspects of prosody in Thai, and (4) to show how both normal and abnormal Fo and timing patterns in a tone language can give insights into the nature of language deficits that follow form damage to the brain.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Research Project (R01)
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Sensory Disorders and Language Study Section (CMS)
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Purdue University
Schools of Arts and Sciences
West Lafayette
United States
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Gandour, J; Ponglorpisit, S; Khunadorn, F et al. (2000) Speech timing in Thai left- and right-hemisphere-damaged individuals. Cortex 36:281-8
Jiang, J; O'Mara, T; Chen, H J et al. (1999) Aerodynamic measurements of patients with Parkinson's disease. J Voice 13:583-91
Grela, B; Gandour, J (1998) Locus of functional impairment in the production of speech rhythm after brain damage: a preliminary study. Brain Lang 64:361-76
Gandour, J; Ponglorpisit, S; Potisuk, S et al. (1997) Interaction between tone and intonation in Thai after unilateral brain damage. Brain Lang 58:174-96
Potisuk, S; Gandour, J; Harper, M P (1997) Contextual variations in trisyllabic sequences of Thai tones. Phonetica 54:22-42
Gandour, J; Potisuk, S; Ponglorpisit, S et al. (1996) Tonal coarticulation in Thai after unilateral brain damage. Brain Lang 52:505-35
Potisuk, S; Gandour, J; Harper, M P (1996) Acoustic correlates of stress in Thai. Phonetica 53:200-20
Vijayan, A; Gandour, J (1995) On the notion of a ""subtle phonetic deficit"" in fluent/posterior aphasia. Brain Lang 48:106-19
Gandour, J; Larsen, J; Dechongkit, S et al. (1995) Speech prosody in affective contexts in Thai patients with right hemisphere lesions. Brain Lang 51:422-43
Gandour, J; Akamanon, C; Dechongkit, S et al. (1994) Sequences of phonemic approximations in a Thai conduction aphasic. Brain Lang 46:69-95

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