The overall aim of SenseLab is to integrate multidisciplinary neuroscience data by means of innovative databases and tools, using the olfactory system as a model which can generalize across the nervous system. For this purpose we have created 8 interoperable databases that serve growing user communities for experimental data and computational models at multiple levels, from genes and proteins through neurons to circuits. SenseLab has three foundations: neuroinformatics directed by Perry Miller, experimental data by Gordon Shepherd, and computational modeling by Michael Hines. One focus will be on ModelDB, which is growing strongly with over 800 computational models. We will build new functionality to enable the models to be explored with new tools including ModelSearch and ModelView. We will support an emerging field of brain microcircuits through MicrocircuitDB, which currently contains over 200 models. A new BrainPathPhysiolDB will contain over 100 models of neuron pathophysiology with clinical relevance. A new ORModelDB will add molecular models to the Olfactory Receptor Database (ORDB) to enhance the utility of the 14,000+ chemosensory genes and proteins that it currently contains. To enhance interoperation we will continue to work closely with the Neuroscience Information Framework (NIF) and the International Neuroinformatics Coordination Facility (INCF) to develop a general ontology for neurons and microcircuits. Support by Dr. Miller and his colleagues in the Yale Center for Medical Informatics will be critical, and enable SenseLab to continue developing its state-of-the-art infrastructure and tools for database construction and interoperation. We will explore innovative ways in which individual SenseLab databases can be designed, adapted, and/or enhanced to facilitate robust interoperation with other neuroscience databases, tools, and resources such as the NIF. In our experimental and computational studies we will develop a new generation of large-scale microcircuit models which realistically represent the detailed 3 dimensional morphology of multiple neuron types with overlapping dendritic fields and distributed synaptic interactions. The NEURON simulator, developed by Dr. Hines, is unique in its capability for computing this model on massively parallel cluster computers. We will test the model with experimental data from an ongoing collaboration with the lab of Dr. Justus Verhagen, and will share the model with other labs working on the olfactory bulb and other systems. In summary, this multidisciplinary and multilevel approach using integration of experimental data into realistic computational simulations should serve as a model for analysis of olfactory processing and for current attempts at data integration throughout the brain.

Public Health Relevance

There is a critical need to understand how signals are processed in neurons and neuronal microcircuits as a basis for brain function. We will enhance this effort through a system of interrelated databases of experimental data and computational models. The new projects open new directions in integrating data to give deeper insights into brain functions and brain disorders.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Research Project (R01)
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Sullivan, Susan L
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Yale University
Schools of Medicine
New Haven
United States
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Rowe, Timothy B; Shepherd, Gordon M (2016) Role of ortho-retronasal olfaction in mammalian cortical evolution. J Comp Neurol 524:471-95
Marasco, Addolorata; De Paris, Alessandro; Migliore, Michele (2016) Predicting the response of olfactory sensory neurons to odor mixtures from single odor response. Sci Rep 6:24091
McDougal, Robert A; Morse, Thomas M; Carnevale, Ted et al. (2016) Twenty years of ModelDB and beyond: building essential modeling tools for the future of neuroscience. J Comput Neurosci :
Zhou, Shanglin; Migliore, Michele; Yu, Yuguo (2016) Odor Experience Facilitates Sparse Representations of New Odors in a Large-Scale Olfactory Bulb Model. Front Neuroanat 10:10
Sivagnanam, Subhashini; Majumdar, Amit; Yoshimoto, Kenneth et al. (2015) Early experiences in developing and managing the neuroscience gateway. Concurr Comput 27:473-488
Popovic, Marko A; Carnevale, Nicholas; Rozsa, Balazs et al. (2015) Electrical behaviour of dendritic spines as revealed by voltage imaging. Nat Commun 6:8436
Migliore, Michele; Cavarretta, Francesco; Marasco, Addolorata et al. (2015) Synaptic clusters function as odor operators in the olfactory bulb. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 112:8499-504
McDougal, Robert A; Morse, Thomas M; Hines, Michael L et al. (2015) ModelView for ModelDB: Online Presentation of Model Structure. Neuroinformatics 13:459-70
McDougal, Robert A; Shepherd, Gordon M (2015) 3D-printer visualization of neuron models. Front Neuroinform 9:18
Yu, Yuguo; Migliore, Michele; Hines, Michael L et al. (2014) Sparse coding and lateral inhibition arising from balanced and unbalanced dendrodendritic excitation and inhibition. J Neurosci 34:13701-13

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