Dental caries continues to be prevalent in children and youth, with significant oral health disparities existing in some population groups. This disease arises when the balance between pathological factors (e.g. cariogenic bacteria) and protective factors (e.g. saliva flow) is tipped in favour of demineralization. The prevalence of caries suggests that the disease is not being effectively managed with an emphasis traditionally on restorative procedures where caries lesions are already serious. Dentistry is undergoing a paradigm shift away from surgical treatment of caries to a medical model of disease prevention and management. This change aims to address the disease cause with minimally invasive CAries Management By Risk Assessment (CAMBRA) efforts. For this paradigm to be successful, dentists need better tools to detect early lesions. Early detection will allow dentists to monitor and counsel patients in managing caries risk factors to help prevent disease progression. We hypothesize that the combination of morphological and biochemical information provided by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and polarized Raman spectroscopy (PRS), respectively, can provide clinicians with an improved tool to detect and assess early caries lesions as well as to be used for both short- and long-term monitoring for better caries management. The overall objective of this competitive renewal proposal is to develop a novel software and hardware clinical platform based on a combined OCT-PRS intra-oral probe for early dental caries detection and assessment. To achieve this goal we plan to: 1) establish a clinic-friendly software platform to derive caries relevant parameters from the OCT-PRS data, 2) develop combined OCT-PRS caries assessment intra-oral probes for proximal and occlusal surfaces, and finally 3) validate the hardware and software for clinical utility in caries detectio and assessment through two small scale clinical studies. Our research will provide novel automated software algorithms to provide clinicians with measures of caries presence, lesion extent, quantitative assessment of caries lesion activity and mineralization status during the examination of the patient. The proposed developments and evidence-based findings will support a paradigm shift in treating caries as a disease. This research supports the new US Healthy People 2020 program in which an oral health objective is to reduce caries and untreated decay among children and adolescents.

Public Health Relevance

Dental decay (dental caries) is preventable and curable, yet it is among the most common chronic diseases affecting children in the USA with significant oral health disparities existing in some population groups. The proposed research will provide clinicians with improved tools to detect and assess early dental caries for better caries management. This research supports the new US Healthy People 2020 program in which an oral health objective is to reduce caries and untreated decay among children and adolescents.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Dental & Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
2R01DE017889-05
Application #
8298841
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-DTCS-U (81))
Program Officer
Drummond, James
Project Start
2006-09-01
Project End
2013-03-31
Budget Start
2012-04-01
Budget End
2013-03-31
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$282,699
Indirect Cost
$15,624
Name
Nrc - Institute for Biodiagostics
Department
Type
DUNS #
205524692
City
Winnipeg
State
MB
Country
Canada
Zip Code
R3 1-Y6
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