Building on our development of the ultra-sensitive and high resolution, liquid crystal based polarizing microscope (LC-PolScope), we are now broadening the scope of the project to include laser microsurgery and fluorescence anisotropy measurements for the development of advanced optical methods to manipulate and analyze the dynamic cell architecture that orchestrates and sustains cell division. 1. We propose to develop a versatile laser microsurgery tool based on a solid-state laser and a liquid crystal spatial light modulator. We will use advanced beam shaping optics based on wave front phase modulation to generate ablation patterns that can be tuned to improve the focus inside a cell and to dynamically shape and position the focal region to adapt to changing cell structure and functional state. 2. Using the laser microsurgery tool we will analyze the assembly/disassembly mechanisms of microtubule (MT) arrays in actively dividing cells. In combination with the LC-PolScope we will record at high spatial and temporal resolution the structural consequences of MT loss and regrowth in the astral arrays, kinetochore bundles and interpolar spindle MTs, shedding light on the dynamic properties that distinguish these microtubule classes. 3. We propose to develop an imaging system for fast and comprehensive analysis of fluorescence anisotropy observed in cells expressing fluorescently labeled (e.g. GFP- tagged) cell division proteins. The goal will be comprehensive spectral and polarization analysis of fluorescently labeled proteins with emphasis on dynamic organization of molecular aggregates essential for cell division. 4. The instrumentation for measuring fluorescence anisotropy will be applied to two models: (1) dynamic organization of septin filaments in the hourglass and ring structures located at the bud neck in yeast cells;and (2) structure-function relationship of kinetochore proteins whose natural cycles of tension and release are important to all eukaryotic cells;for the latter, initial work will be done using yeast GFP tagged Ndc80, a ubiquitous kinetochore protein.

Public Health Relevance

PROJECT NARRATIVE As in previous grant periods, the microscopy instrumentation developed under this period will have applications in medical research and clinical settings. Furthermore, the cell biological application projects that will be forthcoming under this grant will have broad implications for our understanding of cell division, a fundamental cellular process in healthy and diseased tissue.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01EB002583-17
Application #
8101078
Study Section
Microscopic Imaging Study Section (MI)
Program Officer
Conroy, Richard
Project Start
1992-08-12
Project End
2013-07-31
Budget Start
2011-08-01
Budget End
2012-07-31
Support Year
17
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$495,214
Indirect Cost
Name
Marine Biological Laboratory
Department
Type
DUNS #
001933779
City
Woods Hole
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02543
Thievessen, Ingo; Fakhri, Nikta; Steinwachs, Julian et al. (2015) Vinculin is required for cell polarization, migration, and extracellular matrix remodeling in 3D collagen. FASEB J 29:4555-67
Koike-Tani, Maki; Tani, Tomomi; Mehta, Shalin B et al. (2015) Polarized light microscopy in reproductive and developmental biology. Mol Reprod Dev 82:548-62
McQuilken, Molly; Mehta, Shalin B; Verma, Amitabh et al. (2015) Polarized Fluorescence Microscopy to Study Cytoskeleton Assembly and Organization in Live Cells. Curr Protoc Cell Biol 67:4.29.1-13
Henson, John H; Yeterian, Mesrob; Weeks, Richard M et al. (2015) Arp2/3 complex inhibition radically alters lamellipodial actin architecture, suspended cell shape, and the cell spreading process. Mol Biol Cell 26:887-900
Abrahamsson, Sara; McQuilken, Molly; Mehta, Shalin B et al. (2015) MultiFocus Polarization Microscope (MF-PolScope) for 3D polarization imaging of up to 25 focal planes simultaneously. Opt Express 23:7734-54
Noda, Naoki; Tamm, Sidney L (2014) Lithocytes are transported along the ciliary surface to build the statolith of ctenophores. Curr Biol 24:R951-2
Henson, John H; Gianakas, Anastasia D; Henson, Lauren H et al. (2014) Broadening the spectrum of actin-based protrusive activity mediated by Arp2/3 complex-facilitated polymerization: motility of cytoplasmic ridges and tubular projections. Cytoskeleton (Hoboken) 71:484-500
Mehta, Shalin B; Shribak, Michael; Oldenbourg, Rudolf (2013) Polarized light imaging of birefringence and diattenuation at high resolution and high sensitivity. J Opt 15:
Gibaud, Thomas; Barry, Edward; Zakhary, Mark J et al. (2012) Reconfigurable self-assembly through chiral control of interfacial tension. Nature 481:348-51
Miyata, Haruhiko; Noda, Naoki; Fairbairn, Daphne J et al. (2011) Assembly of the fluorescent acrosomal matrix and its fate in fertilization in the water strider, Aquarius remigis. J Cell Physiol 226:999-1006

Showing the most recent 10 out of 21 publications