The development of hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) agents, i.e., MRI-visible compounds whose magnetization is much higher than that normally achieved at in vivo temperatures, presents both unprecedented opportunities as well as new technical challenges. In particular, with signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) enhancements on the order of the 10,000-fold, dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) of metabolically active substrates theoretically permits high-resolution in vivo chemical shift imaging (CSI) of both the injected agent and downstream metabolic products, providing a unique method to assess dynamic metabolic processes. Recent studies have demonstrated that both anaerobic and aerobic metabolism can be studied in vivo following the bolus injection of hyperpolarized 13C1-pyruvate, and applications include tumor diagnosis and monitoring, the study of cardiovascular pathologies, and the evaluation of metabolic disorders. Although, reliable, well-validated methods are critical for the successful application of hyperpolarized CSI to the study of in vivo metabolism, optimized data acquisition and analysis tools have yet to be developed. This 4- year technical development project proposes to significantly enhance this new technology through the implementation of high-speed volumetric CSI techniques (Aim 1) in conjunction with robust kinetic modeling algorithms (Aim 2) for the quantitative evaluation of in vivo data. The resulting tools will be optimized for imaging hyperpolarized substrates in animal models with the final acquisition methods and data analysis algorithms evaluated in simulations, phantoms, and in vivo rodent models (Aim 3). Although this proposal is focused on imaging hyperpolarized 13C-pyruvate and its downstream metabolic products, much of the work will be equally applicable to other agents as they are developed. The successful completion of these goals will provide the quantitative tools necessary to allow the direct imaging of metabolism in normal and pathologic conditions, the longitudinal monitoring of disease processes, and the early evaluation of therapeutic interventions. Given the noninvasive nature of the technology, translation of this new metabolic imaging capability from the laboratory to the clinic is anticipated occur within the next 3-5 years, with the first human trial using hyperpolarized pyruvate for the evaluation of prostate cancer scheduled for 2009.

Public Health Relevance

Hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging with Dynamic Nuclear Polarization; that enhancessignal-to-noise ratio on the order of the 10;000-fold; of injectable metabolically active substratesprovides a unique method to assess metabolic processes and presents unprecedented opportunitiesfor in vivo interrogation of normal and disease altered metabolism. It also poses new technicalchallenges as optimized data acquisition and analysis tools have yet to be developed. The goal of thistechnical development project is to implement and evaluate a robust set of sensitive techniques forthe in vivo imaging of hyperpolarized substrates and their metabolic products.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
7R01EB009070-05
Application #
8750998
Study Section
Biomedical Imaging Technology Study Section (BMIT)
Program Officer
Liu, Guoying
Project Start
2009-04-01
Project End
2014-09-30
Budget Start
2013-09-01
Budget End
2014-09-30
Support Year
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$147,154
Indirect Cost
$29,333
Name
University of Maryland Baltimore
Department
Radiation-Diagnostic/Oncology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
188435911
City
Baltimore
State
MD
Country
United States
Zip Code
21201
Park, Jae Mo; Josan, Sonal; Jang, Taichang et al. (2016) Volumetric spiral chemical shift imaging of hyperpolarized [2-(13) c]pyruvate in a rat c6 glioma model. Magn Reson Med 75:973-84
Park, Jae Mo; Spielman, Daniel M; Josan, Sonal et al. (2016) Hyperpolarized (13)C-lactate to (13)C-bicarbonate ratio as a biomarker for monitoring the acute response of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) treatment. NMR Biomed 29:650-9
DeVience, Stephen J; Mayer, Dirk (2016) Speeding up dynamic spiral chemical shift imaging with incoherent sampling and low-rank matrix completion. Magn Reson Med :
Park, Jae Mo; Josan, Sonal; Mayer, Dirk et al. (2015) Hyperpolarized 13C NMR observation of lactate kinetics in skeletal muscle. J Exp Biol 218:3308-18
Josan, Sonal; Billingsley, Kelvin; Orduna, Juan et al. (2015) Assessing inflammatory liver injury in an acute CCl4 model using dynamic 3D metabolic imaging of hyperpolarized [1-(13)C]pyruvate. NMR Biomed 28:1671-7
Billingsley, Kelvin L; Park, Jae Mo; Josan, Sonal et al. (2014) The feasibility of assessing branched-chain amino acid metabolism in cellular models of prostate cancer with hyperpolarized [1-(13)C]-ketoisocaproate. Magn Reson Imaging 32:791-5
Billingsley, Kelvin L; Josan, Sonal; Park, Jae Mo et al. (2014) Hyperpolarized [1,4-(13)C]-diethylsuccinate: a potential DNP substrate for in vivo metabolic imaging. NMR Biomed 27:356-62
Josan, Sonal; Hurd, Ralph; Park, Jae Mo et al. (2014) Dynamic metabolic imaging of hyperpolarized [2-(13) C]pyruvate using spiral chemical shift imaging with alternating spectral band excitation. Magn Reson Med 71:2051-8
Josan, Sonal; Hurd, Ralph; Billingsley, Kelvin et al. (2013) Effects of isoflurane anesthesia on hyperpolarized (13)C metabolic measurements in rat brain. Magn Reson Med 70:1117-24
Park, Jae Mo; Josan, Sonal; Grafendorfer, Thomas et al. (2013) Measuring mitochondrial metabolism in rat brain in vivo using MR Spectroscopy of hyperpolarized [2-ýýýýC]pyruvate. NMR Biomed 26:1197-203

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