The Muller cells (MCs) have a key role in retinal homeostasis. They are polarized with an apical compartment facing the subretinal space, and a basal surface adhering to the inner limiting membrane (ILM). Disruption of either compartment leads to activation of MCs and pathobiological consequences leading to vision loss. Laminins organize basement membranes (BM), such as the ILM serving as attachment sites for cell adhesion, polarity and proliferation. We produced mice with null mutations in two laminin genes, Lamb2 and Lamc3, and found that these molecules are necessary for normal retinal development. The defects in the Lamb2/c3 nulls include: ILM malformation;MC disorganization;photoreceptor dysgenesis;and progressive pathology in the inner retina. Our long-range goal is to understand the molecular contributions of laminin to the development and stability of MC organization, in particular, as it relates to the functional architecture. Our immediate goal is to assess the organizing hypothesis that MC-laminin interactions are critical for: 1) establishing MC polarity;2) maintaining MC sub cellular organization and 3) stabilizing the structural integrity of the retina.
In Aim 1, we will examine the molecular mechanisms underlying laminin- mediated scaffolding in the MC. We will answer the following three questions. First, we will address: What Is The Molecular Organization Of The Adhesion Complex Of The MC Basal Endfoot? Next, we will determine: What Is The Laminin Dependence Of Ion Channel Sub cellular Localization And Function? Finally, we will investigate: What Is The Mechanism Of Laminin Regulation Of MC Proliferation? In Aim 2, we will examine the corollary hypothesis that the loss of adhesion to laminin substrates disrupts the normal structure/function relationships in the inner retina. Our data show that the Lamb2/c3 null animals have selective disruptions in the IPL. We will answer the following questions. First, we will ask: What Is The Laminin Dependence Of Dendritogenesis In The IPL? Next, we will address: What Are The Mechanisms Of Progressive Retinal Ganglion Cell Loss in Lamb2/Lamc3 nulls? These experiments and the molecular mechanisms they reveal will contribute to our understanding of the pathophysiology of gliosis;proliferative vitreoretinopathy and congenital ocular disorders including Walker-Warburg, Bardet-Biedl, Pierson Syndrome.
Congenital birth defects affect millions of Americans and people world-wide. These diseases include muscular dystrophy, brain and eye disorders leading to mental retardation and blindness. This project investigates the cause of several of these diseases and the results will lead to new diagnostics and therapeutics.
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|Biswas, Saptarshi; Bachay, Galina; Chu, Julianne et al. (2017) Laminin-Dependent Interaction between Astrocytes and Microglia: A Role in Retinal Angiogenesis. Am J Pathol 187:2112-2127|
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|Varshney, Shweta; Hunter, Dale D; Brunken, William J (2015) Extracellular Matrix Components Regulate Cellular Polarity and Tissue Structure in the Developing and Mature Retina. J Ophthalmic Vis Res 10:329-39|
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|Saghizadeh, Mehrnoosh; Epifantseva, Irina; Hemmati, David M et al. (2013) Enhanced wound healing, kinase and stem cell marker expression in diabetic organ-cultured human corneas upon MMP-10 and cathepsin F gene silencing. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 54:8172-80|
|Radner, Stephanie; Banos, Charles; Bachay, Galina et al. (2013) ?2 and ?3 laminins are critical cortical basement membrane components: ablation of Lamb2 and Lamc3 genes disrupts cortical lamination and produces dysplasia. Dev Neurobiol 73:209-29|
|Gnanaguru, Gopalan; Bachay, Galina; Biswas, Saptarshi et al. (2013) Laminins containing the ?2 and ?3 chains regulate astrocyte migration and angiogenesis in the retina. Development 140:2050-60|
|Li, Yong N; Radner, Stephanie; French, Margaret M et al. (2012) The ?3 chain of laminin is widely but differentially expressed in murine basement membranes: expression and functional studies. Matrix Biol 31:120-34|
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