This project focuses on microRNA mechanisms on ocular angiogenesis. Angiogenesis plays a central role in eye development and also many major blinding retinal diseases, such as age related macular degeneration (AMD).The discovery of MicroRNAs as small endogenous RNAs regulating gene expression post-transcriptionally has revolutionized our understanding of genetic pathway networks, and ignited tremendous studies to explore microRNA therapeutics for numerous diseases. Our broad long-term goals are: (a) to understand the mechanisms of how specific microRNAs regulate ocular vascular development and (b) to decipher the roles of these microRNAs in vascular retinopathies. Our recent studies show that a specific microRNA, miR-126, is an endothelial cell specific microRNA regulating angiogenic pathways in response to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and fibroblast growth factor (FGF). We also have preliminary data that miR-126 is expressed specifically in the endothelium in the retina/choroid, and is required for sprouting retinal angiogenesis. Our organizing hypothesis for this proposal is that by regulating multiple angiogenic pathways miR-126 plays a critical regulatory role in ocular angiogenesis and in the pathogenesis of neovascular AMD. As a small molecule with multiple regulatory functions, miR-126 would be an attractive therapeutic target for blinding vascular retinopathies.
Specific Aim I is to define the expression pattern and regulation mechanism of miR-126 in the retina/choroid.
Specific Aim II is to identify the requirement and mechanism whereby miR-126 regulates retinal vascular development.
Specific Aim III is to determine the mechanism by which miR-126 regulates neovascularization in a laser induced choroidal neovascularization model.

Public Health Relevance

Angiogenesis plays a central role in retinal vascular development and also many major blinding retinal diseases. The current study is targeted to uncover the mechanism whereby microRNAs regulate retinal vascular development and neovascular AMD using genetic mouse models and LNA-anti-miR technologies, which may paves the road for future microRNA therapeutics in vascular retinopathies.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01EY021862-02
Application #
8319325
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1)
Program Officer
Shen, Grace L
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Texas Sw Medical Center Dallas
Department
Ophthalmology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
800771545
City
Dallas
State
TX
Country
United States
Zip Code
75390
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Li, Xinyu; Zhou, Qinbo; Hanus, Jakub et al. (2013) Inhibition of multiple pathogenic pathways by histone deacetylase inhibitor SAHA in a corneal alkali-burn injury model. Mol Pharm 10:307-18
Wang, Shusheng; Koster, Kyle M; He, Yuguang et al. (2012) miRNAs as potential therapeutic targets for age-related macular degeneration. Future Med Chem 4:277-87