Chemical synthesis provides the capacity to produce chemotherapeutic agents, and chemical reactions are the irreplaceable tools of the medicinal chemist engaged in the drug discovery process. Advances in chemical reaction methods reduce the interval between the conception of the chemical entity as a potential drug candidate and its synthesis for subsequent biological evaluation. As a con-sequence, organic synthesis is a critical discipline that continues to have an important impact on the fields of both medicine and biology. The objectives of this ongoing proposed research are to make creative contributions to the synthesis of complex naturally occuring substances possessing clinically significant biological activity. The targets for synthesis include manzamine A &ircinal A, nakadomarin A, spiro-prorocentrimine, himandridine, and cyclomarin A. Manzamine A was the first member in its family to be isolated from marine sponges found off the coast of Okinawa. The manzamines, including nakadomarin, represent a family of marine natural products that exhibit potent antitumor, antimalarial, and antituberculosis activity. Additionally, manzamine A selectively inhibits two main kinases implicated in the progression of Alzheimer?s disease. As with many marine natural products, a lack of material for detailed biological screening is the motivation for the development of efficient routes to the synthesis of the individual members of this important family of natural products. Himandridine is one of the most complex members of the Galbulimima family of alkaloids. Historically, the native tribes of Papua New Guinea and Australia have used extracts of the bark of Galbulimima belgraveana for medicinal purposes. The attraction of both Himandridine and spiro-prorocentrimine to the organic chemist is their exceptional structural complexity. These targets are among the most complex alkaloids being addressed by total synthesis. The proposed syntheses of the indicated targets, in most instances, follow the speculated biosyntheses of the individual natural products. Multi-step reaction cascades have been designed into each of the synthesis plans.

Public Health Relevance

Chemical synthesis enables the production chemotsherapeutic agents, and chemical reactions are the critical tools of the medicinal chemist engaged in drug discovery. Advances in reaction methodology reduce the interval between drug candidate conception and its synthesis for biological evaluation. Consequently, organic synthesis is a critical discipline that continues to have a pivotal impact on the fields of both medicine and biology. This grant will focus on the synthesis of bioactive alkaloids and peptides.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Research Project (R01)
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Synthetic and Biological Chemistry B Study Section (SBCB)
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Lees, Robert G
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Harvard University
Schools of Arts and Sciences
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Bonazzi, Simone; Cheng, Bichu; Wzorek, Joseph S et al. (2013) Total synthesis of (-)-nakadomarin A. J Am Chem Soc 135:9338-41
Evans, David A; Adams, Drew J; Kwan, Eugene E (2012) Progress toward the syntheses of (+)-GB 13, (+)-himgaline, and himandridine. new insights into intramolecular imine/enamine aldol cyclizations. J Am Chem Soc 134:8162-70
Marcoux, David; Bindsch├Ądler, Pascal; Speed, Alexander W H et al. (2011) Effect of counterion structure on rates and diastereoselectivities in ?,?-unsaturated iminium-ion Diels-Alder reactions. Org Lett 13:3758-61
Evans, David A; Kvaerno, Lisbet; Dunn, Travis B et al. (2008) Total synthesis of (+)-azaspiracid-1. An exhibition of the intricacies of complex molecule synthesis. J Am Chem Soc 130:16295-309
Evans, David A; Dunn, Travis B; Kvaerno, Lisbet et al. (2007) Total synthesis of (+)-azaspiracid-1. Part II: synthesis of the EFGHI sulfone and completion of the synthesis. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 46:4698-703
Evans, David A; Mito, Shizue; Seidel, Daniel (2007) Scope and mechanism of enantioselective Michael additions of 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds to nitroalkenes catalyzed by nickel(II)-diamine complexes. J Am Chem Soc 129:11583-92
Evans, David A; Kvaerno, Lisbet; Mulder, Jason A et al. (2007) Total synthesis of (+)-azaspiracid-1. Part I: Synthesis of the fully elaborated ABCD aldehyde. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 46:4693-7
Evans, David A; Fandrick, Keith R; Song, Hyun-Ji et al. (2007) Enantioselective Friedel-Crafts alkylations catalyzed by bis(oxazolinyl)pyridine-scandium(III) triflate complexes. J Am Chem Soc 129:10029-41
Evans, David A; Adams, Drew J (2007) Total synthesis of (+)-galbulimima alkaloid 13 and (+)-himgaline. J Am Chem Soc 129:1048-9
Cee, Victor J; Cramer, Christopher J; Evans, David A (2006) Theoretical investigation of enolborane addition to alpha-heteroatom-substituted aldehydes. Relevance of the Cornforth and polar Felkin-Anh models for asymmetric induction. J Am Chem Soc 128:2920-30

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