The proposal requests the renewal of the grant """"""""Computational Mapping of Proteins for the Binding of Ligands"""""""". Mapping globally samples the surface of target proteins using molecular probes - small molecules or functional groups - to identify potentially favorable binding positions. The method is based on X-ray and NMR screening studies showing that the binding sites of proteins also bind a large variety of fragment-sized molecules. We have developed the multi-stage mapping algorithm FTMAP (available as a server at http://ftmap.bu.edu/) based on the fast Fourier transform (FFT) correlation approach, mapped a large number of proteins, and established criteria for druggability. The general goals of this renewal are extending the method toward predicting preferences for specific functional groups and further improving the robustness of the predictions. The first goal will be achieved by developing large probe libraries that include each important functional group in many different probes, a special (""""""""functional"""""""") clustering algorithm to identify the overlapping functional groups that occur in probes binding at the same location, and an iterative mapping algorithm which enhances the probe set in probes containing the functional groups identified in the previous round. Once functional groups are found, their preference for the particular site will be validated using stochastic roadmap simulations to assure that they have reduced tendency to escape from the site. The method will account for ligand and protein flexibility directly within the FFT-based mapping algorithm. This will further improve the reliability of site prediction in challenging problems, will allow for the use of more complex probes, and will enable us to consider flexibility in our mapping server which at present assumes a rigid protein. As an important part of the proposal, we will integrate computational and X-ray crystallographic mapping methods by pre-selecting the compounds for the X-ray based screening by computational mapping. The approach will be validated by mapping model systems and systems of current pharmaceutical interests. The comparison of predicted and observed interactions will help us to better understand the principles that govern the binding of fragment-sized molecules to functional sites of proteins, and to further improve the mapping. We will also study a number of interesting molecular recognition problems, including the identification of druggable sites in protein-protein interfaces, the identification of allosteric sites;extension of mapping to membrane proteins;and determining the important functional groups of macrocyclic compounds.

Public Health Relevance

Mapping methods place molecular probes - small molecules or functional groups - on the surface of proteins in order to identify the most favorable binding positions, and provide information on the druggability of such sites. Here we propose extending the algorithm to determining binding specificity, comparing the results to experimental data, and applying the method to important biological problems.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01GM064700-12
Application #
8642183
Study Section
Macromolecular Structure and Function D Study Section (MSFD)
Program Officer
Preusch, Peter C
Project Start
2003-02-01
Project End
2015-03-31
Budget Start
2014-04-01
Budget End
2015-03-31
Support Year
12
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$355,709
Indirect Cost
$138,416
Name
Boston University
Department
Engineering (All Types)
Type
Schools of Engineering
DUNS #
049435266
City
Boston
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02215
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Kozakov, Dima; Grove, Laurie E; Hall, David R et al. (2015) The FTMap family of web servers for determining and characterizing ligand-binding hot spots of proteins. Nat Protoc 10:733-55
Vajda, Sandor; Whitty, Adrian; Kozakov, Dima (2015) Fragments and hot spots in drug discovery. Oncotarget 6:18740-1
Kozakov, Dima; Hall, David R; Jehle, Stefan et al. (2015) Ligand deconstruction: Why some fragment binding positions are conserved and others are not. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 112:E2585-94
Kozakov, Dima; Hall, David R; Napoleon, Raeanne L et al. (2015) New Frontiers in Druggability. J Med Chem 58:9063-88
Bohnuud, Tanggis; Kozakov, Dima; Vajda, Sandor (2014) Evidence of conformational selection driving the formation of ligand binding sites in protein-protein interfaces. PLoS Comput Biol 10:e1003872
Villar, Elizabeth A; Beglov, Dmitri; Chennamadhavuni, Spandan et al. (2014) How proteins bind macrocycles. Nat Chem Biol 10:723-31

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