Protein switches hold great promise as selective protein therapeutics and as biosensors for diagnostic and basic science applications;however, the creation of such proteins has proven difficult. We propose to create protein switches for these applications using a combinatorial method we developed that views all existing proteins as potential input and output modules for the desired switch. We will create a protein switch that will activate a prodrug only in cancer cells. Such a switch would have potential as a targeted therapeutic for the treatment of cancer. In addition, we will create switches to be used as sensors for kinases in vitro and in live cells. Switches to be used as sensors will be developed on a platform such that sensors for other proteins will be more readily created. Experiments proposed will also inform the study of how best to create switches.

Public Health Relevance

Engineered protein switches hold great promise as selective protein therapeutics and as biosensors for diagnostic and basic science applications. We will develop switches designed for the treatment of cancer and switches designed to be used as sensors for the detection and quantification of important protein kinases in vitro and in live cells.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01GM066972-09
Application #
8206540
Study Section
Macromolecular Structure and Function B Study Section (MSFB)
Program Officer
Anderson, Vernon
Project Start
2003-07-01
Project End
2013-03-31
Budget Start
2012-01-01
Budget End
2013-03-31
Support Year
9
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$311,129
Indirect Cost
$115,109
Name
Johns Hopkins University
Department
Engineering (All Types)
Type
Schools of Engineering
DUNS #
001910777
City
Baltimore
State
MD
Country
United States
Zip Code
21218
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Choi, Jay H; Laurent, Abigail H; Hilser, Vincent J et al. (2015) Design of protein switches based on an ensemble model of allostery. Nat Commun 6:6968
Chaikind, Brian; Ostermeier, Marc (2014) Directed evolution of improved zinc finger methyltransferases. PLoS One 9:e96931
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Valdes, Gilmer; Schulte, Reinhard W; Ostermeier, Marc et al. (2014) The High-Affinity Maltose Switch MBP317-347 has Low Affinity for Glucose: Implications for Targeting Tumors with Metabolically Directed Enzyme Prodrug Therapy. Chem Biol Drug Des 83:266-71
Kanwar, Manu; Wright, R Clay; Date, Amol et al. (2013) Protein switch engineering by domain insertion. Methods Enzymol 523:369-88
Guntas, Gurkan; Kanwar, Manu; Ostermeier, Marc (2012) Circular permutation in the ýý-loop of TEM-1 ýý-lactamase results in improved activity and altered substrate specificity. PLoS One 7:e35998

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