microRNAs (miRNAs) encode ~22nt small RNAs that regulate deadenylation, translation, and decay of their target mRNAs. With the potential to regulate more that 30% of the human genes, miRNAs play fundamental roles in every aspect of biology from human development, to human disease including neuropsychiatric disorders and cancer. The long-term goal of our research is to understand how miRNAs regulate gene expression to orchestrate early embryogenesis, using zebrafish as a model system. In particular, this proposal focuses on how microRNAs regulate potent signaling molecules to control cell migration in two different contexts during development: lateral line migration and angiogenesis using zebrafish as a model system. Our preliminary studies have used single microRNA knock down and mutants in the microRNA processing pathway indicate that disrupting miR-1 and miR-430 function causes i) abnormal migration of the lateral line primordium (a model for placode migration in vertebrates) and ii) increased migration during angiogenesis (in the intersegmental vessels, ISV). This proposal combines embryological manipulations and live imaging, to understand how miR-1 regulate endothelial cell migration during angiogenesis Aim 1 and understand how miR-430 ensures that different migratory paths driven by the chemokine signaling sdf1a remain separated during development to avoid mis-targeted migration Aim 2. In summary, the proposed experiments have the long term goal of understanding i) how miRNAs regulate individual miRNA targets to orchestrate embryonic development during cell migration, and angiogenesis, ii) how they modulate the expression of potent signaling molecules to ensure the appropriate level of signaling between tissues.

Public Health Relevance

microRNA are small non-coding RNAs that have important regulatory roles in the genome with far reaching roles from human development to cancer. This proposal studies how these microRNAs control the expression of potent migration cues to regulate migration of different cells types in the developing vertebrate embryo to ensure accurate targeting and avoid mis migration.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Research Project (R01)
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Development - 1 Study Section (DEV1)
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Hoodbhoy, Tanya
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Yale University
Schools of Medicine
New Haven
United States
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Lee, Miler T; Bonneau, Ashley R; Giraldez, Antonio J (2014) Zygotic genome activation during the maternal-to-zygotic transition. Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol 30:581-613
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