This project seeks to develop and implement new tactics for the total synthesis of complex natural products that exhibit promising biological activities. Targeted structures that will be synthesized under the aegis of this grant are: 1) zaragozic acid C, a squalene synthase inhibitor;2) pactamycin, an antibiotic;3) leustroducsin B, a colony-stimulating factor inducer. These three structurally unique natural products share a high level of functional group and stereochemical complexity that renders them attractive platforms for new reaction discovery. An underlying principle of the proposed research is that buildup of the carbon skeleton must coincide with introduction of stereochemical information for maximum efficiency;therefore, cascade reactions are a staple of the projected synthetic routes. The strategies in particular seek to harness the unique reactivity of a newly developed reagent: tert-butyl tert-butyldimethylsilyl glyoxylate. This is a coupling reagent that conjoins complementary nucleophilic and electrophilic reaction partners, often with high levels of stereocontrol for the stereogenic centers that are concomitantly built up with the carbon skeleton. In each proposed synthesis, the key step is a new, mechanistically guided poly-addition reaction that introduces a significant fraction of the molecular complexity in a single operation. The reactions are configured such that the key functional groups are introduced in the proper oxidation state, minimizing wasteful downstream operations.
The molecules that are targeted for synthesis in this study all exhibit potent biological activities that could hold significance in the development of small molecule therapeutics. The efficient preparation of these compounds is a necessary precondition for any future biomedical applications.
|Bartlett, Samuel L; Johnson, Jeffrey S (2017) Synthesis of Complex Glycolates by Enantioconvergent Addition Reactions. Acc Chem Res 50:2284-2296|
|Boyce, Gregory R; Johnson, Jeffrey S (2016) An Asymmetric Vinylogous Michael Cascade of Silyl Glyoximide, Vinyl Grignard, and Nitroalkenes via Long Range Stereoinduction. J Org Chem 81:1712-7|
|Steward, Kimberly M; Gentry, Emily C; Johnson, Jeffrey S (2015) Correction to ""Dynamic kinetic resolution of ?-keto esters via asymmetric transfer hydrogenation"". J Am Chem Soc 137:3715|
|Sharpe, Robert J; Johnson, Jeffrey S (2015) Asymmetric Total Synthesis of the Indole Diterpene Alkaloid Paspaline. J Org Chem 80:9740-66|
|Krabbe, Scott W; Johnson, Jeffrey S (2015) Asymmetric total syntheses of megacerotonic acid and shimobashiric acid A. Org Lett 17:1188-91|
|Sharpe, Robert J; Johnson, Jeffrey S (2015) A global and local desymmetrization approach to the synthesis of steroidal alkaloids: stereocontrolled total synthesis of paspaline. J Am Chem Soc 137:4968-71|
|Sharpe, Robert J; Portillo, Maribel; Vélez, Robert A et al. (2015) A Scalable Protocol for the Regioselective Alkylation of 2-Methylcyclohexane-1,3-dione with Unactivated sp(3) Electrophiles. Synlett 26:2293-2295|
|Sharpe, Robert J; Malinowski, Justin T; Sorana, Federico et al. (2015) Preparation and biological evaluation of synthetic and polymer-encapsulated congeners of the antitumor agent pactamycin: insight into functional group effects and biological activity. Bioorg Med Chem 23:1849-57|
|Corbett, Michael T; Johnson, Jeffrey S (2014) Dynamic kinetic asymmetric transformations of ?-stereogenic ?-ketoesters by direct aldolization. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 53:255-9|
|Malinowski, Justin T; Sharpe, Robert J; Johnson, Jeffrey S (2013) Enantioselective synthesis of pactamycin, a complex antitumor antibiotic. Science 340:180-2|
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