The molecular details of how faithful DNA rearrangements are maintained in the context of the complex chromatin environment of the developing B lymphocyte is the focus of ongoing research in my lab. We have new data indicating that the IgH locus is regulated by the Ig locus and have identified the involvement of two Ig regulatory elements, the 3'E enhancer and Sis (silencer in the intervening sequence. Regulation is achieved through transient association of the two loci at the pro- to pre-B cell transition when the recombinase enzymes are targeted away from the IgH locus to the Ig locus.
We aim to elucidate the functional significance of association between the two loci and to understand in molecular detail how association is achieved. It is our hypothesis that association of the IgH and Ig loci plays a central role in enforcing allelic exclusion of the IgH locus, which is critical for maintaining the integrity of the recombination process and ensuring genome stability. Because de-regulation of recombination and allelic exclusion can result in immune deficiency, autoimmunity and translocations involving Ig loci, it is essential to understand the underlying mechanisms. In addition these studies have important implications for gene regulation as a whole. The ordered rearrangement of immunoglobulin (Ig) genes is a highly regulated process essential for adaptive immunity, orchestrating the expression of B and T lymphocyte receptors through allelic exclusion that ensures clonality, all the while protecting the genome from these inherently unstable recombination events. The molecular details of how faithful DNA rearrangements are maintained in the context of the complex chromatin environment of the developing B lymphocyte is the focus of ongoing research in my lab. Our recent studies indicate that the pericentric Ig? allele directs the unrearranged IgH allele towards a shared pericentromeric cluster. Association of the two loci in this repressive environment subsequently induces IgH locus decontraction on the non-functional allele. This identifies a novel mechanism for co-ordinating changes in accessibility and expression. The hypothesis to be tested is that association of IgH and Ig? loci plays a central role in enforcing allelic exclusion of the IgH locus, which is critical for maintaining the integrity of the recombination process and ensuring genome stability.
The aims i n this grant are designed to understand in molecular detail the mechanisms by which association of Ig loci contributes to allelic exclusion and genome stability. Understanding how changes at the two loci are co-ordinated and identifying the pathways involved is of fundamental importance in the field because de-regulation of recombination and allelic exclusion can result in immune deficiency, autoimmunity and translocations that involve Ig loci. These studies provide new detail to the basic mechanisms linking immunoglobulin gene transcription and rearrangement and paint a picture of a highly dynamic and ordered nuclear architecture that will have important implications for gene regulation in general.
|Dose, Marei; Emmanuel, Akinola Olumide; Chaumeil, Julie et al. (2014) *-Catenin induces T-cell transformation by promoting genomic instability. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111:391-6|
|Rocha, Pedro P; Skok, Jane A (2013) The origin of recurrent translocations in recombining lymphocytes: a balance between break frequency and nuclear proximity. Curr Opin Cell Biol 25:365-71|
|Chaumeil, Julie; Micsinai, Mariann; Ntziachristos, Panagiotis et al. (2013) Higher-order looping and nuclear organization of Tcra facilitate targeted rag cleavage and regulated rearrangement in recombination centers. Cell Rep 3:359-70|
|Chaumeil, Julie; Micsinai, Mariann; Skok, Jane A (2013) Combined immunofluorescence and DNA FISH on 3D-preserved interphase nuclei to study changes in 3D nuclear organization. J Vis Exp :e50087|
|Chaumeil, Julie; Micsinai, Mariann; Ntziachristos, Panagiotis et al. (2013) The RAG2 C-terminus and ATM protect genome integrity by controlling antigen receptor gene cleavage. Nat Commun 4:2231|
|Chaumeil, Julie; Skok, Jane A (2012) The role of CTCF in regulating V(D)J recombination. Curr Opin Immunol 24:153-9|
|Xiang, Yougui; Zhou, Xiaorong; Hewitt, Susannah L et al. (2011) A multifunctional element in the mouse Ig* locus that specifies repertoire and Ig loci subnuclear location. J Immunol 186:5356-66|
|Deriano, Ludovic; Chaumeil, Julie; Coussens, Marc et al. (2011) The RAG2 C terminus suppresses genomic instability and lymphomagenesis. Nature 471:119-23|
|Collins, Amélie; Hewitt, Susannah L; Chaumeil, Julie et al. (2011) RUNX transcription factor-mediated association of Cd4 and Cd8 enables coordinate gene regulation. Immunity 34:303-14|
|Hewitt, Susannah L; Yin, Bu; Ji, Yanhong et al. (2009) RAG-1 and ATM coordinate monoallelic recombination and nuclear positioning of immunoglobulin loci. Nat Immunol 10:655-64|