This research is aimed at developing and testing methods that will enable proteome-wide high-throughput studies of the subcellular distributions of proteins that form networks (such as microtubules), and for identifying proteins whose distributions are related to these. More specifically we will test and further refine methods that we have developed to estimate the average properties (characterize the statistical variation) of the filament distributions for a large number of cells.
Our aim i s to use the power afforded by the availability of data arising from many (possibly thousands) of cells to estimate what is really at the heart of the question for high-throughput studies of proteins of this type: what is the overall average effect of some independent variable (drug or other experimental condition) on the network filament distribution of interest. Preliminary work has established the feasibility of this approach, and we propose to test it extensively with real data for microtubules in a variety of cell types under a variety of conditions that perturb distributions in known ways. The results will establish whether a single microtubule growth model (with changes in parameters) is valid for many cell types (i.e., to remove variation due solely to cell size and shape). We will also extend this method to determine the correlation (affinity) of many unknown proteins to filament networks for several proteome wide studies currently generating such data. The methods will be used to analyze images for thousands of proteins from existing and ongoing proteome-scale studies. The identification solely on the basis of image-based modeling of specific proteins as likely to be microtubule-associated will be tested for selected examples by comparison with information in existing protein databases and literature and by additional experimentation. The successful completion of this study would not only provide important new information about the location of many proteins, but will fill a current void in modeling approaches for proteome-wide studies and facilitate the mechanistic quantification of effects of different drugs, siRNAs or mutations in high throughput screening experiments.
This research is aimed at enabling fundamental understanding of subcellular filament-type protein structure and distribution through generative modeling approaches. The successful completion of this study would enable the development of modeling approaches for similar proteins and subcellular structures and facilitate the mechanistic quantification of effects of different drugs, siRNAs or mutations in high throughput screening experiments.
|Donovan, Rory M; Tapia, Jose-Juan; Sullivan, Devin P et al. (2016) Unbiased Rare Event Sampling in Spatial Stochastic Systems Biology Models Using a Weighted Ensemble of Trajectories. PLoS Comput Biol 12:e1004611|
|Kolouri, Soheil; Park, Se Rim; Rohde, Gustavo K (2016) The Radon Cumulative Distribution Transform and Its Application to Image Classification. IEEE Trans Image Process 25:920-34|
|Murphy, Robert F (2016) Building cell models and simulations from microscope images. Methods 96:33-9|
|Li, Ying; Majarian, Timothy D; Naik, Armaghan W et al. (2016) Point process models for localization and interdependence of punctate cellular structures. Cytometry A 89:633-43|
|Kolouri, Soheil; Tosun, Akif B; Ozolek, John A et al. (2016) A continuous linear optimal transport approach for pattern analysis in image datasets. Pattern Recognit 51:453-462|
|Basu, S; Liu, C; Rohde, G K (2015) Localizing and extracting filament distributions from microscopy images. J Microsc 258:13-23|
|Rohde, Gustavo K (2015) Computational analysis of cell images. Cytometry A 87:294-5|
|Tosun, Akif Burak; Yergiyev, Oleksandr; Kolouri, Soheil et al. (2015) Detection of malignant mesothelioma using nuclear structure of mesothelial cells in effusion cytology specimens. Cytometry A 87:326-33|
|Johnson, Gregory R; Buck, Taraz E; Sullivan, Devin P et al. (2015) Joint modeling of cell and nuclear shape variation. Mol Biol Cell 26:4046-56|
|Basu, Saurav; Chi Liu; Rohde, Gustavo Kunde (2015) Extraction of Individual Filaments from 2D Confocal Microscopy Images of Flat Cells. IEEE/ACM Trans Comput Biol Bioinform 12:632-43|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 24 publications