The proposed research is focused on the development, maintenance, and consequences of racial and ethnic [R/E] identity among a primarily African-American and European-American sample from a mid-Atlantic state, with continued analyses and a new data collection which will allow for the examination of R/E identity, related processes, and healthy development from early adolescence (approximately age 12) through early adulthood (approximately age 30). We propose a multi-year, mixed-methods research project that examines the personal and contextual meanings that (a) are associated with participants'categorical R/E group memberships, (b) form the basis for person-level R/E identities, (c) are associated with perceptions of racial discrimination, and (d) relate systematically to healthy development. The first major aim is to document the nature of R/E group memberships (defined by both individuals and social groups), the extent of psychological meanings attached to these group memberships (i.e., R/E identity), and the corresponding developmental pathways (defined by both R/E identity and indicators of healthy mental, physical, and social development). The second major aim is to examine how R/E identity structures and processes moderate the relations between race-based social stressors and optimal human development. The primary hypothesis we plan to test is that the effects of perceived racial discrimination on healthy development will vary systematically as a function of the content, structure, and processes of individuals'R/E identities (e.g., beliefs, feelings, and values about socially-constructed, group-membership categories). We also want to document empirically the extent to which adolescent psychological R/E identity development matters for continued R/E identity development during early adulthood and for healthy adult functioning.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01HD048970-04
Application #
7842691
Study Section
Social Sciences and Population Studies Study Section (SSPS)
Program Officer
Bures, Regina M
Project Start
2007-05-01
Project End
2012-04-30
Budget Start
2010-05-01
Budget End
2011-04-30
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2010
Total Cost
$589,098
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Michigan Ann Arbor
Department
Type
Organized Research Units
DUNS #
073133571
City
Ann Arbor
State
MI
Country
United States
Zip Code
48109
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Peck, Stephen C; Brodish, Amanda B; Malanchuk, Oksana et al. (2014) Racial/ethnic socialization and identity development in Black families: the role of parent and youth reports. Dev Psychol 50:1897-909
Wang, Ming-Te; Peck, Stephen C (2013) Adolescent educational success and mental health vary across school engagement profiles. Dev Psychol 49:1266-76
Fuller-Rowell, Thomas E; Cogburn, Courtney D; Brodish, Amanda B et al. (2012) Racial discrimination and substance use: longitudinal associations and identity moderators. J Behav Med 35:581-90
Gutman, Leslie Morrison; Eccles, Jacquelynne S; Peck, Stephen et al. (2011) The influence of family relations on trajectories of cigarette and alcohol use from early to late adolescence. J Adolesc 34:119-28
Cogburn, Courtney D; Chavous, Tabbye M; Griffin, Tiffany M (2011) School-Based Racial and Gender Discrimination among African American Adolescents: Exploring Gender Variation in Frequency and Implications for Adjustment. Race Soc Probl 3:25-37
Brodish, Amanda B; Cogburn, Courtney D; Fuller-Rowell, Thomas E et al. (2011) Perceived Racial Discrimination as a Predictor of Health Behaviors: the Moderating Role of Gender. Race Soc Probl 3:160-169
Malanchuk, Oksana; Messersmith, Emily E; Eccles, Jacquelynne S (2010) The ontogeny of career identities in adolescence. New Dir Child Adolesc Dev 2010:97-110
Fredricks, Jennifer A; Eccles, Jacquelynne S (2010) Breadth of Extracurricular Participation and Adolescent Adjustment Among African-American and European-American Youth. J Res Adolesc 20:307-333
Smith, Charles; Peck, Stephen C; Denault, Anne-Sophie et al. (2010) Quality at the point of service: profiles of practice in after-school settings. Am J Community Psychol 45:358-69

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