This study will examine how developmental, family, cultural, and economic factors interact to inform the health and development of two groups of children who are disproportionately at risk for negative health outcomes: Mexican-origin adolescent mothers and their young children. Adolescent females of Mexican origin have the highest national birthrate, and it is over twice the overall national rate (National Vital Statistics Report, 2005). Because children of adolescent mothers are at increased risk for negative outcomes (Chandra, Schivello, Ravi, Weinstein, &Hook, 2002) and adolescent mothers'psychosocial functioning has been identified as a predictor of children's health and development (Carothers, Borkowski, Lefever, &Whitman, 2005), it is critical to examine the factors that inform adolescent mothers'psychosocial functioning, their parenting behaviors, and in turn, their children's health and development. We propose to build on our study of Mexican-origin adolescent mothers, their mothers or mother figures (referred to in our study as the female family member;FFM), and their infants, which involved data gathered from adolescents and FFMs during the adolescents'third trimester of pregnancy (Wave 1), and from adolescent mothers, FFMs, and infants when infants were 10 months of age (Wave 2) and again when infants were 24 months of age (Wave 3). We propose to collect three additional points of measurement from all three family members in the 206 families who participated in the original project (N = 618). This longitudinal, multi-generational study will capture cultural, family, and developmental processes and outcomes for a) adolescent mothers and FFMs over a five-year period beginning when adolescent mothers are in middle/late adolescence (i.e., 15-18 years of age) through emerging adulthood (20-23 years of age), and b) their young children from infancy (i.e., 10 months) through early childhood (i.e., 5 yrs of age).
Specific aims are to examine (1) the linkages between trajectories of two normative developmental processes (i.e., ethnic identity, autonomy) and trajectories of Mexican-origin adolescent mothers'psychosocial functioning (e.g., depressive symptoms) from middle/late adolescence through emerging adulthood, and to identify family, peer, and cultural characteristics that moderate these associations;(2) how family (i.e., mother-adolescent conflict), economic (i.e., economic hardship), and cultural (i.e., acculturative stress and discrimination) stressors are linked to adolescent mothers'trajectories of psychosocial functioning, and to investigate the family, peer, and cultural characteristics that moderate these associations;and (3) how trajectories of adolescent mothers'psychosocial functioning predict their parenting behaviors and, in turn, trajectories of their children's health and development; we also will test family, peer, and cultural characteristics that moderate these associations. A focus on Mexican- origin children is critical because Latinos (of which Mexican-origin are a majority) are repeatedly identified as an at-risk population for negative health and behavioral outcomes and, in fact, show substantial risk for maladjustment in almost all leading health indicators identified by Healthy People 2010 (CDC, 2008).
Latinos show greater risk for maladjustment in almost all of the leading health indicators identified by Healthy People 2010 (CDC, 2008) and bear a disproportionate burden of disease, injury, death, and disability in the U.S. (CDC, 2004a). Furthermore, Mexican-origin adolescent females lead the nation in rates of teen pregnancy (with rates over twice the national average;National Vital Statistics Report, 2005). This research will contribute significantly to understanding how to promote positive health and development among Mexican-origin adolescent mothers and their young children, which is in line with the Surgeon General's call to address health disparities among Latinos and other ethnic minorities (U.S. Surgeon General, 2008).
|Zeiders, Katharine H; UmaÃ±a-Taylor, Adriana J; Jahromi, Laudan B et al. (2016) Discrimination and Acculturation Stress: A Longitudinal Study of Children's Well-Being from Prenatal Development to 5 Years of Age. J Dev Behav Pediatr 37:557-64|
|Seay, Danielle M; Jahromi, Laudan B; UmaÃ±a-Taylor, Adriana J et al. (2016) Intergenerational Transmission of Maladaptive Parenting Strategies in Families of Adolescent Mothers: Effects from Grandmothers to Young Children. J Abnorm Child Psychol 44:1097-109|
|Derlan, Chelsea L; UmaÃ±a-Taylor, Adriana J; Toomey, Russell B et al. (2016) Measuring Cultural Socialization Attitudes and Behaviors of Mexican-Origin Mothers With Young Children: A Longitudinal Investigation. Fam Relat 65:477-489|
|Jahromi, Laudan B; UmaÃ±a-Taylor, Adriana J; Updegraff, Kimberly A et al. (2016) Trajectories of Developmental Functioning Among Children of Adolescent Mothers: Factors Associated With Risk for Delay. Am J Intellect Dev Disabil 121:346-63|
|Derlan, Chelsea L; UmaÃ±a-Taylor, Adriana J; Updegraff, Kimberly A et al. (2016) Mothers' characteristics as predictors of adolescents' ethnic-racial identity: An examination of Mexican-origin teen mothers. Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 22:453-9|
|Killoren, Sarah E; Zeiders, Katharine H; Updegraff, Kimberly A et al. (2016) The Sociocultural Context of Mexican-Origin Pregnant Adolescents' Attitudes Toward Teen Pregnancy and Links to Future Outcomes. J Youth Adolesc 45:887-99|
|Zeiders, Katharine H; UmaÃ±a-Taylor, Adriana J; Updegraff, Kimberly A et al. (2015) An idiographic and nomothetic approach to the study of Mexican-origin adolescent mothers' socio-cultural stressors and adjustment. Prev Sci 16:386-96|
|Zeiders, Katharine H; UmaÃ±a-Taylor, Adriana J; Jahromi, Laudan B et al. (2015) Grandmothers' familism values, adolescent mothers' parenting efficacy, and children's well-being. J Fam Psychol 29:624-34|
|Perez-Brena, Norma J; Updegraff, Kimberly A; UmaÃ±a-Taylor, Adriana J et al. (2015) Coparenting profiles in the context of Mexican-origin teen pregnancy: links to mother-daughter relationship quality and adjustment. Fam Process 54:263-79|
|Toomey, Russell B; UmaÃ±a-Taylor, Adriana J; Updegraff, Kimberly A et al. (2015) Trajectories of Problem Behavior among Mexican-Origin Adolescent Mothers. J Lat Psychol 3:1-10|
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