This population-based study proposes to continue the examination of changing trends in the incidence, in-hospital, and long-term survival rates of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and out-of hospital deaths due to coronary heart disease (CHD) in residents of the Worcester, MA, metropolitan area. The objectives of this observational study are to examine contemporary (2009 and 2011), as compared to prior (1975-2007), trends in the annual attack rates of AMI, hospital and post-discharge survival rates, management practices, and out-of-hospital deaths attributed to CHD. To accomplish these and several secondary study objectives, the proposed investigation will be carried out in the 11 acute care general hospitals providing care for residents of the Worcester, MA, metropolitan area (2000 census count=478,000). This study will utilize and extend previous approaches used in the conduct of this investigation. All new (incident) and recurrent episodes of definite AMI occurring in greater Worcester residents during 2009 and 2011 will be identified from discharge diagnostic printouts obtained from all metropolitan Worcester hospitals. The medical records of greater Worcester residents will be individually reviewed for validation purposes according to pre-established diagnostic criteria for AMI. Abstraction of the medical records of patients satisfying the diagnostic and geographic eligibility criteria will be carried out by trained physicians and nurses with the recording of demographic, clinical, and treatment related data. A review of records for additional hospitalizations and a search of death certificates will be carried out to examine the long-term survival status of discharged hospital patients from each of the proposed study years, as well as those identified previously, through 2012. Death certificates will be reviewed to identify cases of out-of-hospital deaths attributed to CHD occurring during 2009 and 2011. The results of this community-wide investigation will provide important insights from a more than 35 year (1975-2011) vantage point about the magnitude of, mortality from, and treatment approaches used in the management of the nation's leading cause of death as it affects residents of a large New England metropolitan area.
The proposed community-based research project will provide insights to the changing magnitude of, and outcomes associated with, heart attacks in residents of a large central New England community. The results of this investigation will also provide contemporary data on how patients who experience heart attacks in the community are treated by physicians.
|Li, Lin; Jesdale, Bill M; Hume, Anne et al. (2017) Pharmacotherapy Use in Older Patients With Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction After a Skilled Nursing Facility Stay. J Card Fail 23:843-851|
|Li, Lin; Jesdale, Bill M; Hume, Anne et al. (2017) Who are they? Patients with heart failure in American skilled nursing facilities. J Cardiol :|
|Tisminetzky, Mayra; Goldberg, Robert; Gurwitz, Jerry H (2016) Magnitude and Impact of Multimorbidity on Clinical Outcomes in Older Adults with Cardiovascular Disease: A Literature Review. Clin Geriatr Med 32:227-46|
|Chen, Han-Yang; Gore, Joel M; Lapane, Kate L et al. (2016) Decade-long trends in the timeliness of receipt of a primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Clin Epidemiol 8:141-9|
|Awad, Hamza H; Tisminetzky, Mayra; Metry, Diana et al. (2016) Magnitude, treatment, and impact of diabetes mellitus in patients hospitalized with non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction: A community-based study. Diab Vasc Dis Res 13:13-20|
|Makam, Raghavendra Charan P; Erskine, Nathaniel; McManus, David D et al. (2016) Decade-Long Trends (2001 to 2011) in the Use of Evidence-Based Medical Therapies at the Time of Hospital Discharge for Patients Surviving Acute Myocardial Infarction. Am J Cardiol 118:1792-1797|
|Chen, Han-Yang; Tisminetzky, Mayra; Yarzebski, Jorge et al. (2016) Decade-Long Trends in the Frequency of 90-Day Rehospitalizations After Hospital Discharge for Acute Myocardial Infarction. Am J Cardiol 117:743-8|
|Goldberg, Robert J; Makam, Raghavendra Charan P; Yarzebski, Jorge et al. (2016) Decade-Long Trends (2001-2011) in the Incidence and Hospital Death Rates Associated with the In-Hospital Development of Cardiogenic Shock after Acute Myocardial Infarction. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 9:117-25|
|Tisminetzky, Mayra; Gurwitz, Jerry; McManus, David D et al. (2016) Multiple Chronic Conditions and Psychosocial Limitations in Patients Hospitalized with an Acute Coronary Syndrome. Am J Med 129:608-14|
|Makam, Raghavendra P; Erskine, Nathaniel; Yarzebski, Jorge et al. (2016) Decade Long Trends (2001-2011) in Duration of Pre-Hospital Delay Among Elderly Patients Hospitalized for an Acute Myocardial Infarction. J Am Heart Assoc 5:e002664|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 115 publications